Richard Weinkamer

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The inhomogeneous mineral content and its topographical distribution on a microscopic scale are major determinants of the mechanical quality of trabecular bone. The kinetics of bone tissue deposition and resorption together with the kinetics of the mineralization process determine the distribution of mineral in the tissue. The heterogeneity of the mineral(More)
The heterogeneous distribution of mineral content in trabecular bone reflects the continuous renewal of bone material in bone remodeling and the subsequent increase in mineral content in the newly formed bone packets. The bone mineralization density distribution (BMDD) is typically used to describe this nonuniform mineral content of the bone matrix. Our(More)
We investigate the remodeling process of trabecular bone inside a human vertebral body using a stochastic lattice model, in which the ability of living bone to adapt to mechanical stimuli is incorporated. Our simulations show the emergence of a networklike structure similar to real trabecular bone. With time, the bone volume fraction reaches a steady state.(More)
Bone adapts to changes in the local mechanical environment (e.g. strains) through formation and resorption processes. However, the bone adaptation response is significantly reduced with increasing age. The mechanical strains induced within the bone by external loading are determined by bone morphology and tissue material properties. Although it is known(More)
Bone is a tissue with enormous adaptive capacity, balancing resorption and formation processes. It is known that mechanical loading shifts this balance towards an increased formation, leading to enhanced bone mass and mechanical performance. What is not known is how this adaptive response to mechanical loading changes with age. Using dynamic(More)
In biological tissues such as bone, cell function and activity crucially depend on the physical properties of the extracellular matrix which the cells synthesize and condition. During bone formation and remodeling, osteoblasts get embedded into the matrix they deposit and differentiate to osteocytes. These cells form a dense network throughout the entire(More)
Dynamic processes modify bone micro-structure to adapt to external loading and avoid mechanical failure. Age-related cortical bone loss is thought to occur because of increased endocortical resorption and reduced periosteal formation. Differences in the (re)modeling response to loading on both surfaces, however, are poorly understood. Combining in-vivo(More)
Secondary fracture healing in long bones leads to the successive formation of intricate patterns of tissues in the newly formed callus. The main aim of this work was to quantitatively describe the topology of these tissue patterns at different stages of the healing process and to generate averaged images of tissue distribution. This averaging procedure was(More)
During secondary bone healing, different tissue types are formed within the fracture callus depending on the local mechanical and biological environment. Our aim was to understand the temporal succession of these tissue patterns for a normal bone healing progression by means of a basic mechanobiological model. The experimental data stemmed from an(More)
Bone is constantly renewed over our lifetime through the process of bone (re)modeling. This process is important for bone to allow it to adapt to its mechanical environment and to repair damage from everyday life. Adaptation is thought to occur through the mechanosensitive response controlling the bone-forming and -resorbing cells. This report shows a way(More)