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x In this paper, we describe a new method for constructing minimal, deterministic, acyclic finite-state automata from a set of strings. Traditional methods consist of two phases: the first to construct a trie, the second one to minimize it. Our approach is to construct a minimal automaton in a single phase by adding new strings one by one and minimizing the(More)
We studied the relationships of landscape ecosystems to historical and contemporary fire regimes across 4.3 million hectares in northern lower Michigan (USA). Changes in fire regimes were documented by comparing historical fire rotations in different landscape ecosystems to those occurring between 1985 and 2000. Previously published data and a synthesis of(More)
Chronic inflammation involving activated microglia and astroglia is becoming a hallmark of many human diseases, including neurodegenerative disorders. Although NF-κB is a multifunctional transcription factor, it is an important target for controlling inflammation as the transcription of many proinflammatory molecules depends on the activation of NF-κB.(More)
The goal of this paper is to test if a programming methodology based on the declarative language A-Prolog and the systems for computing answer sets of such programs, can be successfully applied to the development of medium size knowledge-intensive applications. We report on a successful design and development of such a system controlling some of the(More)
Introductory programming instructors in Australian universities are choosing the programming language they teach primarily based on a perception of industry demand. This paper examines if this perception is justifiable, and offers instructors of all programming languages an insight into the issue of academic and industry balance, now and into the future. 1(More)
In multiple sclerosis (MS) and other autoimmune diseases, the autoreactive T cells overcome the resistance provided by the regulatory T cells (Tregs) due to a decrease in the number of Foxp3-expressing Tregs. Therefore, upregulation and/or maintenance of Tregs during an autoimmune insult may have therapeutic efficacy in autoimmune diseases. Although several(More)
Natural evolutionaryy systems exhibit a complexx mapping from genotype too phenotype. One propertyy of these mappings is neutrality, where manyy mutations doo not have ann appreciable effect onn the phenotype. Inn this case the mappingg from genotype too phenotype contains redundancy suchh that a phenotype is representedd byy manyy genotypes. Studies of RNA(More)
This paper seeks to inform instructors responsible for designing introductory programming courses within a university setting. In particular, guidelines for choosing programming languages to be taught are presented. Information relevant to instructors of later programming courses is also presented. We ask the question: " are instructors of introductory(More)