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Stimulated exocytosis of intracellular granules plays a critical role in conversion of inactive, circulating neutrophils to fully activated cells capable of chemotaxis, phagocytosis, and bacterial killing. The functional changes induced by exocytosis of each of the granule subsets, gelatinase (tertiary) granules, specific (secondary) granules, and azurophil(More)
Many developments have occurred since the publication of the widely-used 2009 Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) Dyslipidemia guidelines. Here, we present an updated version of the guidelines, incorporating new recommendations based on recent findings and harmonizing CCS guidelines with those from other Societies. The Grading of Recommendations(More)
The respiratory burst of human neutrophils is primed by a number of pro-inflammatory stimuli, including tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS); however, the mechanism of priming remains unknown. LPS has been shown previously to increase membrane expression of flavocytochrome b(558), a component of the NADPH oxidase. This study(More)
The role of exocytosis in the human neutrophil respiratory burst was determined using a fusion protein (TAT-SNAP-23) containing the HIV transactivator of transcription (TAT) cell-penetrating sequence and the N-terminal SNARE domain of synaptosome-associated protein-23 (SNAP-23). This agent inhibited stimulated exocytosis of secretory vesicles and gelatinase(More)
Histone chaperones physically interact with histones to direct proper assembly and disassembly of nucleosomes regulating diverse nuclear processes such as DNA replication, promoter remodeling, transcription elongation, DNA damage, and histone variant exchange. Currently, the best-characterized chaperone-histone interaction is that between the ubiquitous(More)
We compared the effects of dialysate composition on changes in intermediary metabolites, acid-base balance, and potassium removal during hemodialysis. Patients were dialyzed against dialysates containing acetate or bicarbonate, each with or without glucose, in a four-way cross-over study. Dialysates containing acetate were associated with significant(More)
The effects on platelet-derived thrombospondin (TSP) of hemodialysis with a cellulose membrane were studied in patients during routine hemodialysis and in normal subjects using an ex vivo model. Plasma and platelet-bound TSP were determined pre- and post-dialysis, in blood entering and leaving the dialyzer after 1, 3, 5, 15, and 30 minutes of dialysis, and(More)
Oxidant stress contributes to morbidity in hemodialysis patients. Three possible causes of oxidant stress have been suggested: the uremic state, the dialyzer membrane, and bacterial contaminants from the dialysate. Oxidant stress occurs in uremia before dialysis therapy is initiated, as evidenced by increased production of reactive oxygen species, increased(More)
The targets of the p38 MAPK pathway responsible for regulation of neutrophil chemotaxis and exocytosis are unknown. One target of this pathway is the actin-binding protein, heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27). Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that Hsp27 mediates p38 MAPK-dependent chemotaxis and exocytosis in human neutrophils through regulation of actin(More)
The signal transduction pathways activated by tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) that lead to priming of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) are unknown. The hypotheses that these cytokines stimulate multiple mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades, including extracellular(More)