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The organs of a higher plant show two fundamental axes of asymmetry: proximodistal and dorsoventral. Dorsoventrality in leaves, bracts, and petal lobes of Antirrhinum majus requires activity of the PHANTASTICA (PHAN) gene. Conditional mutants revealed that PHAN is also required for earlier elaboration of the proximodistal axis. PHAN was isolated and shown(More)
TEOSINTE BRANCHED1/CYCLOIDEA/PROLIFERATING CELL FACTOR1 (TCP) transcription factors control developmental processes in plants. The 24 TCP transcription factors encoded in the Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) genome are divided into two classes, class I and class II TCPs, which are proposed to act antagonistically. We performed a detailed phenotypic(More)
TCP transcription factors constitute a small family of plant-specific bHLH-containing, DNA-binding proteins that have been implicated in the control of cell proliferation in plants. Despite the significant role that is likely to be played by genes that control cell division in the elaboration of plant architecture, functional analysis of this family by(More)
Strigolactones (SLs) are carotenoid-derived phytohormones with diverse roles. They are secreted from roots as attractants for arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and have a wide range of endogenous functions, such as regulation of root and shoot system architecture. To date, six genes associated with SL synthesis and signaling have been molecularly identified(More)
One of the most important demands of multicellularity is the co-ordination of cell proliferation and cell growth to allow the ultimate differentiation of functional organs and tissues. In plants, endogenously and exogenously generated developmental signals hone a basic patterning plan to the demands of a changing environment throughout the lifecycle. Recent(More)
In angiosperms, individual lateral organs and whole flowers may develop asymmetrically along their dorsoventral axes. Dorsoventral asymmetry of Antirrhinum leaves requires activity of the Phantastica gene and other factors acting redundantly with it. We describe the effects of a mutation in the Handlebars gene, identified as an enhancer of the phantastica(More)
A comprehensive understanding of leaf shape is important in many investigations in plant biology. Techniques to assess variation in leaf shape are often time-consuming, labour-intensive and prohibited by complex calculation of large data sets. We have developed LeafAnalyser, software that uses image-processing techniques to greatly simplify the measurement(More)
cells in the central zone and cell displacement to the periphery. But how are permanent stem cells maintained in the meristem? The CLAVATA Genes Restrict Stem Cell Number The first insights into the underlying regulatory mechanisms came from studies of mutations that disrupt meri-Germany stem organization. Loss-of-function mutations in the CLAVATA1, 2 or 3(More)
  • R B Waites
  • 1987
Numerous formulas are used when hospitals calculate revenue days in accounts receivable. Unfortunately, various factors such as how hospitals handle Medicare accounts and credit balances can result in significant swings in revenue days. Therefore, when hospitals attempt to compare their days of revenue with other institutions, they are finding themselves(More)
In contrast to animals, plants do not stop to initiate organs with the end of embryogenesis. Instead, most of the growth and development of higher plants will take place during later phases following germination of the seed. Plant development depends on the activity of two meristems, the root meristem and the shoot apical meristem (SAM), that are located at(More)