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Differentiating drugs may be able to re-sensitize thyroid carcinomas to radioiodine therapy. Substituted thiazolidinediones (TZDs) belong to the group of oral anti-diabetic drugs that also possess anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects and, potentially, differentiating effects on several cancer cell lines. Some of the effects are mediated via the(More)
Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) are synthetic ligands of Peroxisome-Proliferator-Activated Receptor gamma (PPARγ). Troglitazone, rosiglitazone, and pioglitazone have been approved for treatment of diabetes mellitus type II. All three compounds, together with the first TZD ciglitazone, also showed an antitumor effect in preclinical studies and a beneficial effect(More)
Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) have the potential for diagnosis and therapy of cancer, 5G6.4 is a MAb of the IgG2a class which was produced by immunization of BALB/c mice with human ovarian carcinoma (Ov Ca) cells. To further characterize 5G6.4, its effect on cell growth was tested using a human Ov Ca cell line established in our laboratory. A clonogenic(More)
UNLABELLED The insulin signaling pathway is critical for the control of blood glucose levels. Brown adipose tissue (BAT) has also been implicated as important in glucose homeostasis. The effect of short-term cold exposure on this pathway in BAT has not been explored. We evaluated the effect of 4 hours of cold exposure on the insulin pathway in the BAT of(More)
The purpose of the paper was to study the morphological effects of retinoids on non-transformed cells such as thyrocytes. The formation of follicles was studied in primary cultures of porcine thyrocytes by adding retinol and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) to cells grown in the absence of TSH to form monolayers. The proliferation and apoptosis of(More)
BACKGROUND To understand the role of proteases involved in human thyroid cancer progression and tissue invasion, thyrocytes from other species could potentially be used provided their characteristics are similar. It is not known whether dipeptidyl peptidase IV and aminopeptidase N activities, which are overexpressed in human thyroid cancer, are, as in(More)
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) thermogenesis is an emerging target for prevention and treatment of obesity. Mitochondria are the heat generators of BAT. Yet, there is no noninvasive means to image the temporal dynamics of the mitochondrial activity in BAT in vivo. Here, we report a technology for quantitative monitoring of principal kinetic components of BAT(More)
Copyright © 2013 Eleonore Fröhlich et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Thyroid cancer is the commonest endocrine malignancy but represents only 1% of all cancers. Although(More)
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