Richard WH Chang

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OBJECTIVE Tardive dyskinesia is a movement disorder affecting 20%-40% of patients treated chronically with neuroleptic drugs. The dopamine supersensitivity hypothesis cannot account for the time course of tardive dyskinesia or for the persistence of tardive dyskinesia and the associated structural changes after neuroleptics are discontinued. The authors(More)
OBJECTIVE Neurophysiological and pathological effects of ethanol may be mediated, to an important extent, via the glutamatergic system. Animal studies indicate the acute effects of ethanol disrupt glutamatergic neurotransmission by inhibiting the response of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor. Persistent attenuation of glutamatergic neurotransmission(More)
Laboratory studies were conducted to determine the role of sulfur functional groups and micropore surface area of carbon-based adsorbents on the adsorption of Hg0 from simulated coal combustion flue gases. In this study, raw activated carbon fibers that are microporous (ACF-20) were impregnated with elemental sulfur between 250 and 650 degrees C. The(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the predictive value of the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE II) scoring system in cardiothoracic surgical patients. DESIGN Prospective survey with follow-up to hospital discharge. SETTING A cardiothoracic surgical ICU in a tertiary referral center. PATIENTS Eight hundred sixty-nine consecutive patients(More)
Two clinicians and the nursing sisters working in the ICU evaluated the chance of survival of ICU patients every day. Patients were assessed either as "outcome unknown or will die." These predictions were compared with those made by computerized trend analysis of daily acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE II) scores corrected for the(More)
Two large multicentre studies have shown superiority of tacrolimus-based immunosuppressive regimens compared with standard cyclosporine-based therapy in renal transplantation. In these studies, tacrolimus was used in a triple drug regimen of tacrolimus, corticosteroids, and azathioprine. The present study aimed to determine whether a tacrolimus-based dual(More)
The APACHE II sickness score was applied prospectively for one year in a general intensive care unit in Saudi Arabia. Two hundred and ten patients were studied, 66 of whom died in hospital. The mean APACHE II score of survivors was 11 (SD 7.1) and of non-survivors, 25.3 (SD 8.8). The mean Risk of Death was 13.3% (SD 13.1) for the survivors and 47.2% (SD(More)
Experimental simian varicella virus (SVV) infection of St. Kitts vervet monkeys was evaluated as an animal model to investigate human varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infections. During the incubation period, viremia disseminated infectious virus throughout the body via infected peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs). A vesicular skin rash in the inguinal area,(More)
This study attempted to improve patient selection for total parenteral nutrition (TPN) by identifying ICU patients whose prognoses were so hopeless that they would not or would no longer benefit from TPN. Computerized trend analysis of daily Apache II scores, corrected for the presence, number, and duration of major organ system failures was used to predict(More)
This study used the Acute Physiological and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE II) system to select two groups of ICU patients with comparable risk of hospital death to evaluate the importance of GI dysfunction, defined as failure to tolerate enteral nutrition (EN), as a prognostic factor. In our ICU, patients who have not undergone recent bowel surgery are(More)