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Interrater reliability of a modified Ashworth scale of muscle spasticity.
We undertook this investigation to determine the interrater reliability of manual tests of elbow flexor muscle spasticity graded on a modified Ashworth scale. We each independently graded the elbowExpand
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Comfortable and maximum walking speed of adults aged 20-79 years: reference values and determinants.
OBJECTIVES to establish reference values for both comfortable and maximum gait speed and to describe the reliability of the gait speed measures and the correlation of selected variables with them. Expand
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Reference Values for the Timed Up and Go Test: A Descriptive Meta‐Analysis
Background and Purpose: The Timed Up and Go (TUG) test is widely employed in the examination of elders, but definitive normative reference values are lacking. This meta‐analysis provided such valuesExpand
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Clinical measurement of range of motion. Review of goniometry emphasizing reliability and validity.
Clinical measurement of range of motion is a fundamental evaluation procedure with ubiquitous application in physical therapy. Objective measurements of ROM and correct interpretation of theExpand
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Reference values for extremity muscle strength obtained by hand-held dynamometry from adults aged 20 to 79 years.
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN Only a few studies have provided reference values for muscle strength obtained by hand-held dynamometry. Such values are essential for establishing the degree to which anExpand
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Hand‐Grip Dynamometry Predicts Future Outcomes in Aging Adults
Background and Purpose: One use of clinical measures is the prediction of future outcomes. The purpose of this systematic review was to summarize the literature addressing the value of grip strengthExpand
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Test-retest reliability of hand-held dynamometry during a single session of strength assessment.
This retrospective study was undertaken to determine the test-retest reliability of hand-held dynamometer strength testing for 18 extremity muscle groups. To assess reliability, I compared threeExpand
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Reference Values for the Five-Repetition Sit-to-Stand Test: A Descriptive Meta-Analysis of Data from Elders
This meta-analysis was conducted to generate normative values for the 5-repetition sit-to-stand (STS) test suitable for application to individuals at least 60 years of age. A thorough review of theExpand
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Normative values for isometric muscle force measurements obtained with hand-held dynamometers.
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The extent of a patient's impairment can be established by comparing measurements of that patient's performance with normative values obtained from apparently unimpairedExpand
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Test-retest reliability of grip-strength measures obtained over a 12-week interval from community-dwelling elders.
This study examined the test-retest reliability of hand-grip strength measured over a 12-week period. Twenty-one apparently healthy elders (age=75.0+/-5.9 yr) participated. Single strengthExpand
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