Richard W. Wubbolts

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Many intracellular compartments, including MHC class II-containing lysosomes, melanosomes, and phagosomes, move along microtubules in a bidirectional manner and in a stop-and-go fashion due to the alternating activities of a plus-end directed kinesin motor and a minus-end directed dynein-dynactin motor. It is largely unclear how motor proteins are targeted(More)
Exosomes are 60-100-nm membrane vesicles that are secreted into the extracellular milieu as a consequence of multivesicular body fusion with the plasma membrane. Here we determined the protein and lipid compositions of highly purified human B cell-derived exosomes. Mass spectrometric analysis indicated the abundant presence of major histocompatibility(More)
Multivesicular bodies are endocytic compartments containing multiple small vesicles that originate from the invagination and 'pinching off' of the limiting membrane into the luminal space [1] [2] [3]. The molecular mechanisms responsible for the formation of these compartments are unknown. In the human melanoma cell line Mel JuSo, newly synthesised major(More)
Newly synthesized MHC class II molecules are sorted to lysosomal structures where peptide loading can occur. Beyond this point in biosynthesis, no MHC class II molecules have been detected at locations other than the cell surface. We studied this step in intracellular transport by visualizing MHC class II molecules in living cells. For this purpose we(More)
Receptor-like protein tyrosine phosphatases (receptor-PTPs) represent a novel family of transmembrane proteins that are thought to play important roles in cellular regulation. They consist of a cytoplasmic catalytic region, a single transmembrane segment and an extracellular, putative ligand-binding domain, but the nature of their physiological ligands is(More)
MHC class II molecules exert their function at the cell surface by presenting to T cells antigenic fragments that are generated in the endosomal pathway. The class II molecules are targetted to early lysosomal structures, termed MIIC, where they interact with antigenic fragments and are subsequently transported to the cell surface. We previously visualised(More)
MHC class I molecules bind peptides that are translocated from the cytosol into the endoplasmic reticulum by the peptide transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP). Class I heterodimers have been shown to associate with TAP and are released when loaded with peptide. Here, we show the existence of two pools of class I heterodimers, one associated(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) express major histocompatibility complex class II (MHC II) to present peptide antigens to T cells. In immature DCs, which bear low cell surface levels of MHC II, peptide-loaded MHC II is ubiquitinated. Ubiquitination drives the endocytosis and sorting of MHC II to the luminal vesicles of multivesicular bodies (MVBs) for lysosomal(More)
Insulin induces a rapid activation of p21ras in NIH 3T3 and Chinese hamster ovary cells that overexpress the insulin receptor. Previously, we suggested that p21ras may mediate insulin-induced gene expression. To test such a function of p21ras more directly, we studied the effect of different dominant inhibitory mutants of p21ras on the induction of gene(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) initiate adaptive immune responses by activating T cells via cognate interactions between MHC-peptide complexes and T cell receptors. In immature DCs, MHC class II is predominantly stored in late endocytic compartments, where it has a short half-life because of degradation. In contrast, mature DCs recruit MHC class II to the plasma(More)