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The carboxylic acid ionophore monensin, known as an electroneutral Na(+) ionophore, an anticoccidial agent, and a growth-promoting feed additive in agriculture, is shown to be highly efficient as an ionophore for Pb(2+) and to be highly selective for Pb(2+) compared with other divalent cations. Monensin transports Pb(2+) by an electroneutral mechanism in(More)
Among divalent cations, the ionophore monensin shows high activity and selectivity for the transport of lead ions (Pb2+) across phospholipid membranes. When coadministered to rats that were receiving meso-dimercaptosuccinate for treatment of Pb intoxication, monensin significantly increased the amount of Pb removed from femur, brain, and heart. It showed a(More)
This paper describes how, through a combination of scheduling and buuer insertion, real-time systems may b e optimized for power consumption while maintaining deadlines. Beginning with simple examples components that have n o i n ternal pipelines and in which the only design freedoms are buuer insertion and scheduling, we illustrate the eeect of adjusting(More)
The K(+) ionophore nigericin is shown to be highly effective as an ionophore for Pb(2+) but not other divalent cations, including Cu(2+), Zn(2+), Cd(2+), Mn(2+), Co(2+), Ca(2+), Ni(2+), and Sr(2+). Among this group a minor activity for Cu(2+) transport is seen, while for the others activity is near or below the limit of detection. The selectivity of(More)
A cyclohexanemonocarboxylic acid-capped 15-crown-5 ether was synthesized and found to be effective as an ionophore for Pb2+ and Cd2+, transporting them across a phospholipid bilayer membrane. Transport studies were carried out using 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycerophosphatidylcholine (POPC) vesicles containing the chelating indicator(More)
The benzoannelated diazapolyether macrocycles 6,7,9,10,17,18-hexahydro-5H,11H-8,16,19-trioxa-5,11-diazadibenzo[a,g]cyclopentadecene, C(18)H(22)N(2)O(3), (I), 6,7,9,10,12,13,20,21-octahydro-5H,14H-8,11,19,22-tetraoxa-5,14-diazadibenzo[a,g]cyclooctadecene, C(20)H(26)N(2)O(4), (II), and(More)