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In a randomised cross-over study 18 nondependent (NIDDM) and 9 insulin-dependent (IDDM) diabetics were put on to a high carbohydrate diet containing leguminous fibre (HL) for 6 weeks, and also a standard low carbohydrate diet (LC) for 6 weeks. During two identical 24 h metabolic profiles mean preprandial and mean 2 hour postprandial blood glucoses were(More)
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) administration attenuates endothelial cell dysfunction in diabetic patients and inhibits tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF)-mediated plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1) induction in human vascular endothelial cells. The short half-life of GLP-1 mediated via degradation by the enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase 4 mandates(More)
The DNA fraction from a line of bovine embryonic kidney cells originally exposed as primary cultures several months earlier to a temperature-sensitive (ts) mutant of respiratory syncytial (RS) virus could be used to transfect human HEp-2 cells with the production of infectious RS virus. The DNA donor cells, designated BEK/RS ts, retained their healthy(More)
The thiazolidinediones (TZDs) have been reported to reduce atherogenesis in preclinical models and atherosclerosis in clinical trials in pre-diabetic and diabetic patients. Although peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ)-mediated effects on gene expression have been thought responsible for this effect, a complete understanding of the molecular(More)
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) has been proposed as a target for treatment of type 2 diabetes. GLP-1 has also been demonstrated to improve endothelial cell dysfunction in diabetic patients. Elevated plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 [corrected] (PAI-1) levels have been implicated in endothelial cell dysfunction. The effect of GLP-1 on PAI-1 expression(More)
Eight genome RNA segments are present in both normal and von Magnustype influenza virus preparations and all species are transcribed by the virion-associated polymerase. Although the RNA polymerase activity and the amount of the three largest RNA segments are reduced in defective influenza virus preparations, these reductions do not appear to be great(More)
The day-to-day variability of blood glucose concentrations in juvenile diabetes means that it is often more reasonable to aim to achieve a generally good pattern of blood glucose control, rather than regularly to assess the next insulin dose after each blood glucose measurement. This means that immediate assessment by the patient of his blood glucose(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship of retinal vascular caliber to incident diabetes in a population-based cohort. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle (AusDiab) Study recruited adults aged 25+ years across Australia in 1999-2000, with a follow-up 5 years later in 2004-2005. Participants' glycemic status was(More)
Diabetes mellitus is occurring in epidemic proportions in many countries. In Australia 7.4% of people over 25 years of age have diabetes (mostly type 2) and comparable or higher prevalences have been reported in the United States and a number of Asian countries. The enormous economic and social cost of this disease makes a compelling case for prevention.(More)
Aortoiliac arterial wall compliance was measured in apparently healthy subjects and in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes (NIDDM), on diet alone, who had no clinical evidence of peripheral arterial disease. Compliance was significantly lower in patients with diabetes. The two clinical groups were combined to provide as wide a range of blood(More)