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OBJECTIVE The authors determine the reliability, validity, and usefulness of the Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) in the evaluation of surgical residents. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Interest is increasing in using the OSCE as a measurement of clinical competence and as a certification tool. However, concerns exist about the reliability,(More)
The role of surgery in the treatment of Stage I and II non-Hodgkin's thyroid lymphoma (NHTL) is not well defined. At our institution, we have treated seven patients (six women and one man) with NHTL during the past 6 years. Three patients (43%) had a prior history of thyroid disease, usually lymphocytic thyroiditis. Clinical symptoms included a rapidly(More)
BACKGROUND Traditional ward ratings and multiple-choice tests do not reliably assess clinical competence. This study determined the reliability of the Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) and its sensitivity in detecting the performance gains and deficits in surgical interns. METHODS A comprehensive 35-station OSCE was administered to 23(More)
Isolated studies of the stability of individual drugs of abuse have been reported. However, few have evaluated stability in frozen urine samples stored for 12 months. We have determined the stability of 11-nor-9-carboxy-delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (9-COOH-THC), amphetamine, methamphetamine, morphine, codeine, cocaine, benzoylecgonine, and phencyclidine in(More)
BACKGROUND Despite marked differences in training and professional interests, physicians and hospital managers face similar problems stemming from the unprecedented rate of change in the health care delivery system: failure of reimbursement to keep pace with rising costs, new therapeutic modalities, increasing government and managed care regulations,(More)
BACKGROUND The Objective Structural Clinical Examination (OSCE) is an objective method for assessing clinical skills and can be used to identify deficits in clinical skill. During the past 5 years, we have administered 4 OSCEs to all general surgery residents and interns. METHODS Two OSCEs (1993 and 1994) were used as broad-based examinations of the core(More)
BACKGROUND Building on skills already learned in acquiring more complex or related skills is termed transfer of training (TOT). This study examined the TOT effects of previous open and laparoscopic surgical experience on a laparoscopic training module. STUDY DESIGN Intracorporeal knot tying was chosen for evaluating TOT among three groups of surgical(More)