Richard W . Pickersgill

Learn More
The structure of auxin-binding protein 1 (ABP1) from maize has been determined at 1.9 A resolution, revealing its auxin-binding site. The structure confirms that ABP1 belongs to the ancient and functionally diverse germin/seed storage 7S protein superfamily. The binding pocket of ABP1 is predominantly hydrophobic with a metal ion deep inside the pocket(More)
Germin is a hydrogen peroxide generating oxalate oxidase with extreme thermal stability; it is involved in the defense against biotic and abiotic stress in plants. The structure, determined at 1.6 A resolution, comprises beta-jellyroll monomers locked into a homohexamer (a trimer of dimers), with extensive surface burial accounting for its remarkable(More)
The type II secretion system (T2SS) is widely exploited by proteobacteria to secrete enzymes and toxins involved in bacterial survival and pathogenesis. The outer membrane pore formed by the secretin OutD and the inner membrane protein OutC are two key components of the secretion complex, involved in secretion specificity. Here, we show that the periplasmic(More)
Three-dimensional structures have been determined of a large number of proteins characterized by a repetitive fold where each of the repeats (coils) supplies a strand to one or more parallel beta-sheets. Some of these proteins form superfamilies of proteins, which have probably arisen by divergent evolution from a common ancestor. The classical example is(More)
The substrate specificity of Thermoascus aurantiacus xylanase 10A (TAX) has been investigated both biochemically and structurally. High resolution crystallographic analyses at 291 K and 100 K of TAX complexes with xylobiose show that the ligand is in its alpha anomeric conformation and provide a rationale for specificity on p-nitrophenyl glycosides at the(More)
BACKGROUND Microbial pectin and pectate lyases are virulence factors that degrade the pectic components of the plant cell wall. The homogalacturan backbone of pectin varies in its degree of methylation from the highly methylated and relatively hydrophobic form known as pectin, to the fully demethylated and highly charged form known as pectate. Methylated(More)
The oxalate oxidase enzyme expressed in barley roots is a thermostable, protease-resistant enzyme that generates H2O2. It has great medical importance because of its use to assay plasma and urinary oxalate, and it has also been used to generate transgenic, pathogen-resistant crops. This protein has now been purified and three types of crystals grown. X-ray(More)
We have solved the structure of the Bacillus subtilis pectate lyase (BsPel) in complex with calcium. The structure consists of a parallel beta-helix domain and a loop region. The alpha L-bounded beta-strand seen in BsPel is a new element of protein structure and its frequent occurrence suggests it is an important characteristic of the parallel beta-helix. A(More)
Xylanase I is a thermostable xylanase from the fungus Thermoascus aurantiacus, which belongs to family 10 in the current classification of glycosyl hydrolases. We have determined the three-dimensional X-ray structure of this enzyme to near atomic resolution (1.14 A) by molecular replacement, and thereby corrected the chemically determined sequence(More)
A thermophilic xylanase from Bacillus strain D3 suitable for use as a bleach booster in the paper pulping industry has been identified and characterized. The enzyme is suited to the high temperature and alkaline conditions needed for using xylanases in the pulp industry. The xylanase is stable at 60 degrees C and relatively stable at high temperatures, with(More)