Richard W. Olsen

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gamma-Aminobutyric acid type A receptors (GABARs) have long been implicated in mediating ethanol (EtOH) actions, but so far most of the reported recombinant GABAR combinations have shown EtOH responses only at fairly high concentrations (> or = 60 mM). We show that GABARs containing the delta-subunit, which are highly sensitive to gamma-aminobutyric acid,(More)
This mini-review attempts to update experimental evidence on the existence of GABA(A) receptor pharmacological subtypes and to produce a list of those native receptors that exist. GABA(A) receptors are chloride channels that mediate inhibitory neurotransmission. They are members of the Cys-loop pentameric ligand-gated ion channel (LGIC) superfamily and(More)
In this review we attempt to summarize experimental evidence on the existence of defined native GABA(A) receptor subtypes and to produce a list of receptors that actually seem to exist according to current knowledge. This will serve to update the most recent classification of GABA(A) receptors (Pharmacol Rev 50:291-313, 1998) approved by the Nomenclature(More)
Molecular Neurobiology Unit (E.A.B.), Royal Free Hospital School of Medicine, London, England; Neuroscience Discovery (P.S.), Lilly Research Laboratories, Indianapolis, Indiana; Department of Pharmacology (R.W.O.), U.C.L.A. School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California; Institute of Pharmacology (H.M.), ETH and University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland;(More)
Neuronal mechanisms underlying alcohol intoxication are unclear. We find that alcohol impairs motor coordination by enhancing tonic inhibition mediated by a specific subtype of extrasynaptic GABA(A) receptor (GABAR), alpha6beta3delta, expressed exclusively in cerebellar granule cells. In recombinant studies, we characterize a naturally occurring(More)
gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) type A receptors mediate fast inhibitory synaptic transmission and have been implicated in responses to sedative/hypnotic agents (including neuroactive steroids), anxiety, and learning and memory. Using gene targeting technology, we generated a strain of mice deficient in the delta subunit of the GABA type A receptors. In vivo(More)
One of the pharmacological targets of ethanol is the GABAA receptor (GABAR), whose function and expression are altered after chronic administration of ethanol. The details of the changes differ between experimental models. In the chronic intermittent ethanol (CIE) model for alcohol dependence, rats are exposed to intermittent episodes of intoxicating(More)
The ligand-gated ion channels that participate in fast synaptic transmission comprise the nicotinic acetylcholine, 5-hydroxytryptamine3 (5-HT3), gamma-aminobutyric acidA (GABA(A)), glycine, ionotropic glutamate and P2X receptor families. A consistent and systematic nomenclature for the individual subunits that comprise these receptors and the receptors that(More)
The neurotransmitter GABA mediates the majority of rapid inhibition in the CNS. Inhibition can occur via the conventional mechanism, the transient activation of subsynaptic GABAA receptors (GABAA-Rs), or via continuous activation of high-affinity receptors by low concentrations of ambient GABA, leading to "tonic" inhibition that can control levels of(More)