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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE First, the aim was to determine the survival and quality of life after reirradiation of relapsing primary malignant brain tumours. The second aim was to assess the influence of a set of potentially prognostic factors on survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS Forty-two patients received reirradiation for recurring primary brain tumours. The(More)
The objective of this observational study was to assess the influence of patient, tumor, professional and hospital related characteristics on hospital variation concerning guideline adherence in non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL) care. Validated, guideline-based quality indicators (QIs) were used as a tool to assess guideline adherence for NHL care. Multilevel(More)
Demyelination is one of the pathological conditions identified as a late response of the central nervous system (CNS) to irradiation. We have proposed that radiation-induced depletion of glial stem cells, which are the source of myelinating cells in the CNS, would lead to a lack of replacement of senescent or otherwise damaged oligodendrocytes. This(More)
The cellular basis of radiation-induced demyelination and white matter necrosis of the central nervous system (CNS), is poorly understood. Glial cells responsible for myelination in the CNS might be the target cells of this type of damage. Glial cells with stem cell properties derived from the perinatal and adult rat CNS can be cultured in vitro. These(More)
High grade malignant gliomas are among the most radioresistant human tumors and total doses up to 80 Gy are inadequate to achieve long-term local control in most of the patients. Hypoxia has been demonstrated in primary brain tumors and may be one of the reasons for their radioresistance. In experimental models carbogen breathing and nicotinamide have been(More)
The feasibility and early toxicity of radiotherapy with carbogen breathing and nicotinamide was tested in 74 head and neck cancer patients. Forty patients with laryngeal and hypopharyngeal tumors were treated with an accelerated schedule combined with carbogen alone (16) or with carbogen and nicotinamide (24). Thirty-four patients with far advanced(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate results of high-dose total-body irradiation (TBI) regimens for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. METHODS AND MATERIALS A total of 1,032 patients underwent TBI in one or two fractions before autologous or allogeneic hematologic stem cell transplantation for acute leukemia and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The TBI regimens were(More)
In the central nervous system (CNS) O-2A (Oligodendrocyte type 2 Astrocyte) progenitor cells have been proposed as potential target cells, and their depletion by irradiation will cause demyelination. The extent and time course of repopulation of these glial stem cells were studied in the adult rat optic nerve after irradiation in vivo. The number of O-2A(More)
The effects of X irradiation on oligodendrocyte-type-2-astrocyte (O-2A) progenitor cells derived from different regions of the perinatal central nervous system (CNS) of rats were investigated in vitro. The O-2A progenitor cells can differentiate into either oligodendrocytes or type-2 astrocytes. The depletion of these cells could lead to demyelination, seen(More)
Normal glial progenitor cells can be isolated from the rat central nervous system (CNS) and cultured in vitro on a monolayer of type-1 astrocytes. These monolayers are able to support and stimulate explanted glial progenitor cells to proliferate. Employing these in vitro interactions of specific glial cell types, an in vivo-in vitro clonogenic assay has(More)