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BACKGROUND Macaca fascicularis (cynomolgus or longtail macaques) is the most commonly used non-human primate in biomedical research. Little is known about the genomic variation in cynomolgus macaques or how the sequence variants compare to those of the well-studied related species, Macaca mulatta (rhesus macaque). Previously we identified single nucleotide(More)
OBJECTIVE To test if knowledge of type 2 diabetes genetic variants improves disease prediction. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We tested 40 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with diabetes in 3,471 Framingham Offspring Study subjects followed over 34 years using pooled logistic regression models stratified by age (<50 years, diabetes cases =(More)
W ith the exception of rare mono-genic disorders, most type 2 diabetes results from the interaction of genetic variation at multiple different chromosomal sites with environmental exposures experienced throughout the lifespan (1). This complex genetic architecture has important consequences for understanding the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes, both for(More)
Advances in genetic epidemiology have increased understanding of common, polygenic preventable diseases such as type 2 diabetes. As genetic risk testing based on this knowledge moves into clinical practice, we propose that genetic counselors will need to expand their roles and adapt traditional counseling techniques for this new patient set. In this paper,(More)
Patient experience was assessed by survey as part of a large, randomized controlled trial of a secure, practice-linked personal health record called Patient Gateway at Partners HealthCare in Boston, MA. The subjects were patients with Type 2 diabetes who prepared for their upcoming primary care visit using a previsit electronic journal. The journal(More)
In Asia, contact between persons and nonhuman primates is widespread in multiple occupational and nonoccupational contexts. Simian foamy viruses (SFVs) are retroviruses that are prevalent in all species of nonhuman primates. To determine SFV prevalence in humans, we tested 305 persons who lived or worked around nonhuman primates in several South and(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether diabetes genetic risk testing and counseling can improve diabetes prevention behaviors. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We conducted a randomized trial of diabetes genetic risk counseling among overweight patients at increased phenotypic risk for type 2 diabetes. Participants were randomly allocated to genetic testing versus no(More)
OBJECTIVE The appropriateness and effectiveness of the outpatient medical management of cardiac risk factors for patients with diabetes who had a diagnosis of schizophrenia or a related psychotic syndrome were examined. METHODS In a cross-sectional analysis of 4,236 patients with diabetes, ICD-9 billing codes were used to identify 214 patients with(More)
OBJECTIVE Rapid advances in diabetes genetic epidemiology may lead to a new era of "personalized medicine" based on individual genetic risk assessment. There is minimal experience to guide how best to clinically implement such testing so that results (e.g., "higher" or "lower" relative genetic risk) improve rather than reduce patient motivation for behavior(More)