Richard W. Chadwick

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During chronic peroral (PO) treatment of weanling, female Fischer 344 rats with daily injections (0.069 mmol/kg) of either 1,1'-(2,2,2-trichloroethylidene) bis [4-chlorobenzene] (p,p'-DDT), 2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid (2,4-D), or gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane (lindane), the lindane treatment induced a significant 20% increase in body weight after 110(More)
The effect of the gamma isomer of 1,2,3,4,5,6-hexachlorocyclohexane, lindane, on reproductive function in the female rat was examined in two experiments. In the first experiment, chronic treatment with 0, 5, 10, 20, and 40 mg/kg lindane delayed vaginal opening and disrupted ovarian cyclicity until approximately 110 days of age. Thereafter, regular ovarian(More)
Comparative intestinal nitroreductase, azo reductase, beta-glucuronidase, dechlorinase and dehydrochlorinase activities in young male Fischer 344 rats and young male CD-1 mice were measured in vitro while the comparative biotransformation of 2,6-dinitrotoluene to mutagenic metabolites was determined in vivo. The mice, which exhibit a high spontaneous(More)
Atrazine (ATZ), an s-triazine herbicide, is a widespread environmental contaminant. The hepatocarcinogenic component of technical grade dinitrotoluene, 2,6-dinitrotoluene (2,6-DNT, 19.5%), is a byproduct of trinitrotoluene synthesis and is found at production sites. This study explores the effect of ATZ treatment on the bioactivation of the promutagen,(More)
The effect of 7 daily i.p. injections of 0, 2, 20, or 200 microliters/kg carbon tetrachloride on the activity of the hepatic drug-metabolizing enzyme system was measured in the rat by a model substrate assay, employing lindane (gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane), and by a battery of in vitro enzyme assays. The data in this study indicated that repeated(More)
A previously reported acceleration of parathion metabolism in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract of lindane-pretreated rats could have been due to either a prolonged residence time of parathion or increased GI nitroreductase activity or both. Thus to determine the effect on GI nitroreductase and dechlorinase activity, 20 mg/kg lindane or 535 mg/kg neomycin(More)
Lindane (gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane) has been shown to produce hepatomas in some strains of mice but not in others. Genetic factors and/or altered metabolism may play a role in the susceptibility to lindane-induced hepatomas. This study reports the effect of age and obesity on the comparative metabolism and disposition of lindane in obese yellow Avy/a and(More)