Richard W. Bunton

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The Stages of Change model has become a prominent feature within health promotion and most of the literature associated with the model portrays it as being 'effective'. Based on an extensive review of the literature, this paper suggests that contrary to this view, there exist a relative paucity of sufficiently strong supportive evidence. The paper describes(More)
A combination of cardiac surgery and thyroidectomy as a single stage operation has rarely been reported in the literature. We report on the management of a 64-year-old female undergoing a combined aortic valve replacement and excision of a primary (ectopic) intrathoracic goiter. The literature on combined cardiac surgery and thyroidectomy is also reviewed.
Two patients with lateral subluxation of the atlas resulting from rheumatoid disease involving the upper cervical spine have been described. The deformity can be suspected on clinical grounds and in one of our two patients spinal cord damage was a sequel. Erosion of the opposing surfaces of the odontoid and lateral masses of the atlas with detachment of the(More)
Between 1959 and 1985, 24 patients (mean age 38 months, range 15 days to 13 years) with anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery as an isolated lesion were treated surgically at Children's Hospital, Boston. In 11 cases a left coronary-to-aortic tunnel was created with a pulmonary artery baffle (Takeuchi) with no deaths either(More)
An experimental study to assess the performance of currently available pericardial substitutes is described with particular reference to their use after coronary artery bypass grafting. Seventy-two ewes, (six groups of 12 animals) had a 7 x 5 cm portion of the pericardium excised. Each group had either the defect left open, primarily resutured, replaced(More)
Twelve consecutive infants with interrupted aortic arch, ventricular septal defect, and persistent ductus arteriosus have had the anomaly repaired without the use of synthetic grafts. In two infants (5 and 9 months) the ductus arteriosus was used for the arch repair. In three patients (mean age 14 days) the left carotid artery was turned down to form the(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes promotes progressive loss of cardiac cells, which are replaced by a fibrotic matrix, resulting in the loss of cardiac function. In the current study we sought to identify if excessive autophagy plays a major role in inducing this progressive loss. METHODS AND RESULTS Immunofluorescence and western blotting analysis of the right atrial(More)
Alterations in cerebrovascular reactivity to CO2, an index of cerebrovascular function, have been associated with increased risk of stroke. We hypothesised that cerebrovascular reactivity is impaired with increasing age and in patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD). Cerebrovascular and cardiovascular reactivity to CO2 was assessed at rest(More)
Saphenous vein graft aneurysm is a potentially fatal complication of coronary artery bypass grafting and usually requires surgery. This report describes endovascular coiling of a saphenous vein graft aneurysm that developed after redo coronary artery bypass grafting. The aneurysm occurred in a proximally occluded saphenous vein graft after revascularization(More)
From 1971 to 1988, 303 patients underwent left ventricular aneurysm resection. We analyzed preoperative and procedure-related variables to ascertain risk factors for surgery. A distinction was made between akinetic and dyskinetic aneurysms to assess potential relation with postoperative outcome. Indications for surgery were arrhythmia in 20 patients,(More)