Richard W. Barnett

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A hybrid functional electrical stimulation (FES) orthosis is described, comprising a rigid ankle-foot brace, a multi-channel FES stimulator with surface electrodes, body mounted sensors, a 'rule-based' controller and an electro-cutaneous display for supplementary sensory feedback. The mechanical brace provides stability, without FES activation of muscles,(More)
The glycoprotein hormones are a family of conserved heterodimeric proteins which share a common alpha subunit but differ in their hormone-specific beta subunits. We used chimeras of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and luteinizing hormone (hLH) beta subunits to identify residues which enable monoclonal antibodies (mAb) to distinguish the two hormones. The(More)
Interaction between the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) trans-activator Tat and its cis-acting responsive RNA element TAR is necessary for activation of HIV-1 gene expression. We investigated the hypothesis that the essential uridine residue at position 23 in the bulge of TAR RNA is involved in intramolecular hydrogen bonding to stabilize an(More)
One thousand two hundred inmates were given the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI) in a midwestern reception and diagnostic center. Two groups of 600 were randomly divided, and their test results were subjected to a principal components factor analysis. Four factors were derived in both groups and were similar, indicating successful(More)
The basic domain of Tat is required for trans-activation of viral gene expression. We have performed scanning peptide studies to demonstrate that only this domain is capable of binding to the TAR RNA stem-loop. Strikingly, the basic domain of the other human immunodeficiency virus trans-acting factor, Rev, but no other region, is also capable of binding to(More)
The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 Tat protein binds to an RNA stem-loop structure called TAR which is present at the 5' end of all human immunodeficiency virus type 1 transcripts. This binding is centered on a bulge within the stem of TAR and is an essential step in the trans-activation process which results in a dramatic increase in viral gene(More)
Transactivation of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) gene expression requires binding of the viral Tat protein to a RNA hairpin-loop structure (TAR) which contains a two or three-nucleotide bulge. Tat binds in the vicinity of the bulge and the two adjacent duplex stems, recognising both specific sequence and structural features of TAR. Binding is mediated(More)
A new method is described for the direct construction of randomly mutagenized genes by applying the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to an oligonucleotide synthesized using doped nucleotide reservoirs. We have demonstrated the utility of this method by generating a library of mutant HIV-1 tat genes. Several arbitrarily selected, inactive tat clones were(More)