Richard Vogel

Learn More
During the past 20 years the EU legislation for the notification of chemicals has focussed on new chemicals and at the same time failed to cover the evaluation of existing chemicals in Europe. Therefore, in a new EU chemicals policy (REACH, Registration, Evaluation and Authorisation of Chemicals) the European Commission proposes to evaluate 30,000 chemicals(More)
The new EU chemicals policy REACH proposes that 30.000 existing chemicals should be evaluated within a period of 15 years. In Europe the regulatory testing requirements for chemicals depend on the production volume and include two types of reproductive toxicity test: a developmental toxicity study, and a 1-generation or 2-generation fertility study. Under(More)
To develop a mammalian in vitro system for teratogenicity testing, cytotoxicity of xenobiotics was evaluated in pluripotent euploid embryonal stem cells (ESC) derived from mouse blastocysts. The dimethyl-thiazol-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was the most appropriate test system for cytotoxicity determinations with ESC. Only compounds that do not(More)
BACKGROUND Residual posttraumatic hemothoraces occur in 1% to 20% of patients managed with tube thoracostomy. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has emerged as an alternative to thoracotomy to evacuate these retained collections. This report reviews a recent trauma unit experience with thoracoscopic evacuation of hemothoraces. METHODS The records(More)
From July 1972 through September 1984, 8 of 44 children diagnosed as having primary malignant hepatic tumors, who were treated at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, had undifferentiated (embryonal) sarcoma (five patients) or rhabdomyosarcoma (three patients). The natural history and response to multimodal therapy of these rare tumors are described. The(More)
Chromosomal abnormalities and abnormal embryonic development have previously been observed after human in vitro fertilization (IVF). Chromosomal abnormalities may arise not only after fertilization but even earlier during meiotic maturation of human oocytes in culture. Since chromosomal analysis is simple in oocytes during meiotic maturation, the(More)