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The influence of the administration schedule (intravenous (i.v.) bolus versus i.v. infusion) on the pharmacokinetics of methotrexate (MTX) in plasma and extracellular fluid (ECF) of a brain C6-glioma was investigated in rats. MTX concentrations were determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-ultraviolet radiation (UV). MTX (50 mg/kg) was(More)
Purpose. Establishment of the pharmacokinetic profile of methotrexate (MTX) in the extracellular fluid (ECF) of a brain C6-glioma in rats. Methods. Serial collection of plasma samples and ECF dialysates after i.v. infusion of MTX (50 or 100 mg/kg) for 4 h. HPLC assay. Results. Histological studies revealed the presence of inflammation, edema, necrosis, and(More)
Purpose. To determine of the pharmacokinetic profile of methotrexate (MTX) in blood and extracellular fluid (ECF) of VX2 tumor and muscle in rabbits. Methods. Microdialysis probes were inserted into VX2 tumor and in muscle tissue. Following intravenous administration of MTX (30 mg/ kg), serial collection of arterial blood samples and dialysates of muscle(More)
Pathological changes associated with the development of brain tumor were investigated by Fourier transform infrared microspectroscopy (FT-IRM) with high spatial resolution. Using multivariate statistical analysis and imaging, all normal brain structures were discriminated from tumor and surrounding tumor tissues. These structural changes were mainly related(More)
We examined the presence of two virulence factors in 241 blood isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae from patients hospitalized during 1989 and 1990 in 7 French hospitals, and 125 blood isolates of Escherichia coli from one hospital. Aerobactin was scored phenotypically and genotypically with an intragenic DNA probe of 2 kb. The mucoid phenotype was assessed by(More)
Glutamic acid, an excitatory amino acid, has been proposed to play a major deleterious influence in cerebral ischemia. However, the neuroprotective activity of various glutamate receptor antagonists is often low or absent, according to the animal model used. In the present study, we examined the effect of several antagonists acting on glutamate receptors of(More)
Brain levels of the antineoplastic compound, vinorelbine, and its effects on the permeability of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) were studied. Preliminary experiments were carried out to define the dose of 10 mg/kg and the delay of 3 h after infusion required to induce BBB disruption. Vinorelbine was infused by i.c. or i.v. infusion to anesthetized male(More)
The effects of the antineoplastic compound, vinorelbine, on the permeability of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) to the complex Evans blue/albumin were studied. Vinorelbine, at a dose range from 5 to 10 mg/kg, was infused (4 ml/kg over 2 min) into the left carotid artery of anesthetised male Sprague-Dawley rats. BBB disruption was evaluated, qualitatively, by(More)
The tissue penetration and distribution of antibiotics is of great importance, since most of the infections occur in the tissue. At the infection site, the free, unbound fraction of the antibiotic is responsible for the antiinfective effect. These free extracellular concentrations can be measured by microdialysis. It was the aim of the study to correlate(More)
A high-performance liquid chromatographic method was developed for the determination of coumarin in plasma at low concentrations. The method involves a single-step extraction of the alkalinized sample with hexane and subsequent evaporation of the organic phase in the presence of hydrochloric acid to collect and concentrate the coumarin. Analysis of the(More)