Richard V. Abadi

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Primary fixation is never perfectly stable, but is frequently interrupted by slow drifts, microsaccades and saccadic intrusions (SI). SI are involuntary, conjugate movements which take the form of an initial fast movement away from the desired eye position and followed after a short duration, by either a return secondary saccade or a drift. The purpose of(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Past studies have explored some of the associations between particular motor and sensory characteristics and specific categories of non-neurological infantile nystagmus. The purpose of this case study is to extend this body of work significantly by describing the trends and associations found in a database of 224 subjects who have undergone(More)
Primary gaze fixation in healthy individuals is frequently interrupted by microsaccades and saccadic intrusions (SI). The neural systems responsible for the control of attention and eye movements are believed to overlap and in line with this, the behaviour of microsaccades appears to be affected by exogenous and endogenous attention shifts. In the current(More)
An analysis of waveform velocities was performed on 16 individuals with congenital nystagmus. The fast phases were shown to be saccadic in nature and their main sequence peak velocity was significantly slower than that of the normal control group (P less than 0.01). Peak slow phase velocities were found to reach values as high as 180 deg/sec; a relationship(More)
Using infra-red oculography, electro-oculography and fundus video-recordings, waveform characteristics (amplitude, frequency, waveform shape and foveation) were examined in over 150 individuals with congenital nystagmus. For many of the subjects the nystagmus exhibited marked variability in both space and time. The sources of this variability were explored(More)
PURPOSE The condition in which visual hallucinations (VHs) are solely associated with a visual impairment is termed Charles Bonnet Syndrome (CBS). The study was undertaken to investigate whether the extent of visual acuity (VA) loss and central visual field loss predisposes a patient with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) to develop a CBS VH and, in(More)
PURPOSE To determine the relationship between retinal image movement (RIM) and oscillopsia in subjects with idiopathic congenital nystagmus (CN). METHODS Eye movements were recorded using an IRIS infrared system. The eye movement signal was fed back to move an otherwise stationary target on a screen and thereby modify the RIM experienced by each of the(More)
Dynamic overshoots are seen after voluntary re-fixation saccades. They are microsaccadic movements which follow primary saccades and have no delay. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence and metrics of the dynamic overshoots seen after involuntary saccades. Using infra-red oculography we demonstrate that dynamic overshoots are a common(More)
The study of eye movements and oculomotor disorders has, for four decades, greatly benefitted from the application of control theoretic concepts. This paper is an example of a complementary approach based on the theory of nonlinear dynamical systems. Recently, a nonlinear dynamics model of the saccadic system was developed, comprising a symmetric(More)