Richard Tiplady

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Epoetin alfa and beta are the two forms of recombinant DNA-derived erythropoietin (rEPO), both synthesized in Chinese hamster ovary cells, which are used for the treatment of erythropoietin (EPO)-responsive anaemias. Several batches of each of these rEPOs were compared for differences in their EPO isoform compositions by isoelectric focusing (IEF) and in a(More)
Eight preparations of recombinant human erythropoietin (EPO) with differing isoform compositions were produced by using different culture conditions and purification procedures. The N-glycan structures of these EPOs were analysed using a recently developed profiling procedure and identified using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass(More)
Assays have been developed for the isoforms of erythropoietin (EPO) based on their binding to eight different lectins. These assays were used to compare the isoform compositions of two preparations of human urinary EPO (uEPO) and four preparations of recombinant DNA-derived human EPO (rEPO), which had been shown to differ in their biological and(More)
Isoelectric focusing (IEF) in the pH range 2.5-5.0 has been used to compare the immunoreactive (ir) erythropoietin (Epo) in paired samples of serum and urine from three patients, two with idiopathic aplastic anaemia and one with paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria and also from three anaemic rats. Serum samples only were also examined from two further(More)
The in vivo biological activity of erythropoietin (Epo) is dependent on its being adequately sialylated. Current in vitro bioassays for Epo do not correlate with the in vivo bioassays as the former do not take into account the role the liver plays in clearing desialylated glycoproteins from the circulation. Here we describe a sialylation-sensitive(More)
A simple method is described for the determination of polypeptides and proteins in polyacrylamide gels after isoelectric focusing. Precipitates formed in trichloroacetic acid, under controlled conditions, are quantified densitometrically by measuring the proportion of light scattered. The procedure is of particular value in its applicability to smaller(More)
A radioassay for nonoxidized methionine in peptides is described; it has advantages over other methods currently used because of its simplicity, sensitivity, accuracy, and applicability to individual peptide components in mixtures and to many samples at a time. Methionyl residues were S-carboxymethylated with iodo[2-14C]acetic acid; iodo[2-3H]acetic acid(More)
The potencies of therapeutic preparations of gonadotrophins of human, urinary origin, which comprise a heterogenous mix of isoforms with follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) bioactivities, are standardized by WHO International Standards (IS). We report here, the evaluation, through an international collaborative study, of a(More)
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