Richard T. Pickard

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The imidazoline-1 receptor (IR1) is considered a novel target for drug discovery. Toward cloning an IR1, a truncated cDNA clone was isolated from a human hippocampal lambda gt11 cDNA expression library by relying on the selectivity of two antisera directed against candidate IR proteins. Amplification reactions were performed to extend the 5' and 3' ends of(More)
Two new cloned human cDNAs encode paralogs of the 85-kDa cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2). We propose to call these cPLA2beta (114 kDa) and cPLA2gamma (61 kDa), giving the name cPLA2alpha to the well known 85-kDa enzyme. cPLA2beta mRNA is expressed more highly in cerebellum and pancreas and cPLA2gamma more highly in cardiac and skeletal muscle.(More)
This laboratory has established in previous studies that Pmel 17, a gene expressed specifically in melanocytes, maps near the silver coat color locus (si/si) on mouse chromosome 10. In the current study, we have focused on determining whether or not the si allele carries a mutation in Pmel 17. Pmel 17 cDNA clones, isolated from wild-type and si/si murine(More)
Cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) hydrolyzes the sn-2-acyl ester bond of phospholipids and shows a preference for arachidonic acid-containing substrates. We found previously that Ser-228 is essential for enzyme activity and is likely to function as a nucleophile in the catalytic center of the enzyme (Sharp, J. D., White, D. L., Chiou, X. G., Goodson, T.,(More)
4-1BB is an inducible receptor-like protein expressed in both cytolytic and Th cells. Optimal induction of 4-1BB mRNA in T cells required both PMA and ionomycin stimulation, indicating that protein kinase C activation and increases in intracellular Ca2+ were required for its expression. 4-1BB was categorized as an early activation gene since the protein(More)
Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is a serine protease that regulates cholesterol metabolism through low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) degradation. Gain-of-function and loss-of-function mutations within PCSK9 gene lead to hypercholesterolemia or hypocholesterolemia respectively. Studies in the U.S. and Canada reported a correlation(More)
Lilly PCSK9 antibody LY3015014 (LY) is a monoclonal antibody (mAb) that neutralizes proprotein convertase subtilisin-kexin type 9 (PCSK9). LY decreases LDL cholesterol in monkeys and, unlike other PCSK9 mAbs, does not cause an accumulation of intact PCSK9 in serum. Comparing the epitope of LY with other clinically tested PCSK9 mAbs, it was noted that the LY(More)
4-1BB is an inducible T cell surface receptor which belongs to the nerve growth factor receptor superfamily, a group of cysteine-rich cell-surface proteins. 4-1BB is a 30-kDa glycoprotein and exists as both a monomer and a 55-kDa dimer on the T cell surface. Cross-linking 4-1BB with monoclonal antibody resulted in the 2- to 10-fold enhancement of T cell(More)
Melanin biosynthesis is a multistep process with the first step being the conversion of L-tyrosine to L-Dopa catalyzed by the enzyme tyrosinase. The enzymes which catalyze the other steps of melanogenesis are not known. One murine pigmentation gene, the brown (b) locus, when mutated, leads to a brown or hypopigmented coat. The b-locus protein has been shown(More)
The Ca(2+)-sensitive cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) displays both a phospholipase A2 and a lysophospholipase activity. Numerous hydrolases, including lipases, catalyze the hydrolysis of ester bonds by means of an active site triad of amino acids that includes a serine or a cysteine residue. We have examined whether human cPLA2 belongs to this class of(More)