Richard T. Gagnon

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Forty pregnant women between 30 and 42 weeks' gestational age were studied to examine the effects of external sound and vibration on the fetal heart rate. A significant increase in the mean duration and amplitude of the first acceleration after sound stimulus was found when these values were compared with the control values. Conversely the mean time to the(More)
Disclaimer: This report is released to inform interested parties of ongoing research and to encourage discussion of work in progress. The views expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the U.S. Census Bureau. Abstract We consider properties of revisions to mean square optimal concurrent estimates of unobserved components, e.g.,(More)
Cerebral oxidative metabolism and regional blood flow were studied, with changes in behavioral state over the immediate perinatal period, to determine the change in cerebral metabolism at birth and the relationship to behavioral activity. Nine unanesthetized fetal sheep (139-142 days gestation) were each studied during a period of high-voltage and(More)
Twenty-five pregnant women between 36 and 40 weeks' gestational age were studied to examine effects of a 5-second external vibratory acoustic stimulus on the fetal heart rate and fetal heart rate variability. There was an immediate significant increase in the basal heart rate, which persisted for 1 hour after the stimulus, compared to that of the control(More)
Thirteen healthy pregnant women between 37 and 41 weeks' gestational age were studied to examine effects of a 5-second external vibratory stimulus (100 Hz, square wave) on fetal heart rate, fetal breathing, and gross fetal body movement patterns. All fetuses were stimulated during an episode of low fetal heart rate variability (mean minute range less than(More)
A major driving force in paper technology development is the reduction in cost of paper production. A primary material cost in the paper production process is wood fiber, the cost of which is increasing rapidly. Reducing fiber usage is difficult, as paper properties are tightly coupled to the amount of fiber. Advances in coating formulation design have(More)
Twenty-five pregnant women between 36 and 40 weeks' gestational age were studied to examine effects of a 5-second external vibratory acoustic stimulus on fetal breathing and gross fetal body movement patterns. When the study period was compared with the control period, there was an immediate significant decrease in the incidence of fetal breathing movements(More)
A total of 14 healthy pregnant women between 37 and 41 weeks' gestational age were studied to determine the effects of a 5-second external vibratory stimulus (100 Hz, square wave) on human fetal behavioral states. Fetal behavioral state observations were made with simultaneous recordings of fetal heart rate, gross fetal body movements, and fetal eye(More)
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