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Acute renal failure requiring renal replacement therapy can complicate cardiopulmonary bypass in children. Peritoneal dialysis has been shown to stabilize electrolytes and improve fluid status in these patients. To assess dialysis adequacy in this setting, we prospectively measured Kt/V and creatinine clearance in five patients (6–839 days of age) requiring(More)
BACKGROUND Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality in patients with critical illness; however, its impact on children with trauma is not fully unexplored. We hypothesized that AKI is associated with increased in-hospital mortality. METHODS A retrospective review of consecutive mechanically ventilated patients aged(More)
We hypothesized that use of Schwartz formula underestimates the prevalence of CKD in PHT recipients. This study determined the prevalence and risk factors for CKD in PHT using novel methods-serum cystatin C, CKiD formula, Revised Schwartz formula, s- and u-NGAL. Serum BUN, creatinine, cystatin C and s- and u-NGAL were measured after prospective enrollment.(More)
BACKGROUND Renal insufficiency (RI) is a known complication in heart transplant recipients. We sought to determine the prevalence and risk factors for RI in pediatric heart transplant recipients over a long-term follow-up period. METHODS The study cohort included 77 pediatric heart transplant recipients (35 girls, 18 African Americans) who had a minimum(More)
Although autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease is transmitted in an autosomal dominant fashion, there is evidence that the pathophysiology of cystogenesis involves a second hit somatic mutation superimposed upon the inherited germline mutation within the renal tubule cells. The polypurine.polypyrimidine (Pu.Py) tract of PKD1 intron 21 may play a role(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the use of short-acting nifedipine for treatment of severe hypertension in children. STUDY DESIGN A retrospective chart review of 520 nifedipine doses given for severe hypertension in 117 pediatric patients was completed. Nifedipine dose, systolic and diastolic blood pressures before and within 2 hours of the dose, and side effects(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Secure placement of peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheters in the pelvis has been described by various techniques. We describe minimally invasive placement using an Endo Close device, securing the catheter in the pelvis, and compare this method with standard open technique in children. METHODS A retrospective institutional review was(More)
There is a paucity of literature assessing the burden of bone loss in PHT recipients. We sought to describe the bone mineral status in PHT recipients by doing a retrospective medical record review of those who underwent evaluation of BMD when clinically indicated. Data collected included patient demographics, BMD evaluations, serum calcium, phosphorus,(More)
BACKGROUND Physicians are required to provide safe, effective, and high-quality care that is patient-centered. Continuing to meet the educational needs of residents and medical students in the setting of patient-centered care will require developing new models for hospital "work rounds." Family-centered rounds is a model of communicating and learning(More)
BACKGROUND Peritonitis is the single most common complication in children maintained on continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis (CCPD) and a significant cause of morbidity. Recent consensus guidelines for the treatment of peritonitis in children receiving peritoneal dialysis recommend the combined intraperitoneal administration of ceftazidime with either a(More)