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The Suppressor-mutator (Spm) transposable element family of maize consists of the fully functional standard Spm (Spm-s) and many mutant elements. Insertion of an Spm element in or near a gene can markedly alter its expression, in some cases bringing the gene under the control of the mechanisms that regulate expression of the element. To gain insight into(More)
MCM3 is an essential gene involved in the maintenance of minichromosomes in yeast cells. It encodes a protein of 971 amino acids that shows striking homology to the Mcm2 protein. We have mapped the mcm3-1 mutation of the left arm of chromosome V approximately 3 kb centromere proximal of anp1. The mcm3-1 mutant was found to be thermosensitive for growth.(More)
We reported previously that early meiotic transcripts are highly unstable. These mRNAs exhibit half-lives of approximately 3 min when expressed during vegetative growth in glucose medium and are stabilized twofold during sporulation in acetate medium. Two genes, UME2 and UME5, that regulate the stability of meiosis-specific transcripts have been identified.(More)
We report the generation and use of pseudotyped adeno-associated viral (AAV) vectors for the liver-specific expression of human blood coagulation factor IX (hFIX). Therefore, an AAV-2 genome encoding the hfIX gene was cross-packaged into capsids of AAV types 1 to 6 using efficient, large-scale technology for particle production and purification. In(More)
Mutations were made at 64 positions on the external surface of the adeno-associated virus type 2 (AAV-2) capsid in regions expected to bind antibodies. The 127 mutations included 57 single alanine substitutions, 41 single nonalanine substitutions, 27 multiple mutations, and 2 insertions. Mutants were assayed for capsid synthesis, heparin binding, in vitro(More)
We have developed a system for site-specific DNA integration in human cells, mediated by the adeno-associated virus (AAV) Rep proteins. In its normal lysogenic cycle, AAV integrates at a site on human chromosome 19 termed AAVS1. We describe a rapid PCR assay for the detection of integration events at AAVS1 in whole populations of cells. Using this assay, we(More)
This report describes the identification, cloning, and molecular analysis of UME6 (CAR80/CARGRI), a key transcriptional regulator of early meiotic gene expression. Loss of UME6 function results in the accumulation of fully derepressed levels (70- to 100-fold increase above basal level) of early meiotic transcripts during vegetative growth. In contrast,(More)
Meiosis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae requires the induction of a large number of genes whose mRNAs accumulate at specific times during meiotic development. This study addresses the role of mRNA stability in the regulation of meiosis-specific gene expression. Evidence is provided below demonstrating that the levels of meiotic mRNAs are exquisitely regulated(More)
The adeno-associated virus (AAV) Rep78 and Rep68 proteins are required for site-specific integration of the AAV genome into the AAVS1 locus (19q13.3-qter) as well as for viral DNA replication. Rep78 and Rep68 bind to the GAGC motif on the inverted terminal repeat (ITR) and cut at the trs (terminal resolution site). A similar reaction is believed to occur in(More)
We have constructed a series of deletion derivatives of chromosome III in yeast. Two telocentric chromosomes, one with a deletion of about 100 kilobases (kb) from the left arm and another with a deletion of about 240 kb from the right arm, are mitotically stable, showing only a 2- to 3-fold decrease in stability compared to a normal chromosome III.(More)