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Neurotoxicity from accumulation of misfolded/mutant proteins is thought to drive pathogenesis in neurodegenerative diseases. Since decreasing levels of proteins responsible for such accumulations is likely to ameliorate disease, a therapeutic strategy has been developed to downregulate almost any gene in the CNS. Modified antisense oligonucleotides,(More)
OBJECTIVES The development and validation of the Center for Neurologic Study-Lability Scale (CNS-LS), the first self report measure of affective lability in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). METHODS Potential questionnaire items were identified through interviews with patients and families and expert review. Potential items, as well as(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in SOD1 cause 13% of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. In the SOD1 Gly93Ala rat model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, the antisense oligonucleotide ISIS 333611 delivered to CSF decreased SOD1 mRNA and protein concentrations in spinal cord tissue and prolonged survival. We aimed to assess the safety, tolerability, and(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) causes motor neuron degeneration, paralysis, and death. Accurate disease modeling, identifying disease mechanisms, and developing therapeutics is urgently needed. We previously reported motor neuron toxicity through postmortem ALS spinal cord-derived astrocytes. However, these cells can only be harvested after death, and(More)
The myeloperoxidase enzyme (MPO) is expressed specifically in myeloid cells and catalyzes the formation of hypochlorous acid and other cytotoxic oxidants. We previously reported that two alleles of MPO exist which differ in promoter strength due to a base difference in an Alu-encoded hormone response element. The present study shows that the higher(More)
A retrospective case-control study of occupational heavy metal exposure was conducted using 66 amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients and 66 age- and sex-matched controls. Cases were ascertained primarily through a neurology support and research clinic. The self-administered questionnaire probed potential exposure to nine heavy metals: aluminum, lead,(More)
Papovaviruses can induce experimental brain neoplasms in animals, and some papovaviruses have been implicated in the formation of various human tumors. We examined a series of seven human brain tumors removed at craniotomy for the presence of viral DNA sequences by the technique of DNA-DNA hybridization. Simian virus 40 (SV40) DNA was labeled in vitro and(More)
Studies have shown the importance of social support for health, and the value of patient support groups. Today we are seeing a further development of the idea of the patient meeting: online discussions on the internet and other computer networks. This paper reports on the online activities of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. The paper explores(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with ALS commonly exhibit pseudobulbar affect. METHODS The authors conducted a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, controlled, parallel, three-arm study to test a defined combination of dextromethorphan hydrobromide (DM) and quinidine sulfate (Q) (AVP-923) for the treatment of pseudobulbar affect in ALS. Q inhibits the rapid(More)