Richard Sellman

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RATIONALE We recently reported two novel biomarkers for acute kidney injury (AKI), tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP)-2 and insulin-like growth factor binding protein 7 (IGFBP7), both related to G1 cell cycle arrest. OBJECTIVES We now validate a clinical test for urinary [TIMP-2]·[IGFBP7] at a high-sensitivity cutoff greater than 0.3 for AKI(More)
The antimuscarinic activity of oxybutynin was measured as oxybutynin equivalents by a radioreceptor assay (RRA). The activity was studied in plasma samples of five volunteers after a single oral dose (10 mg) or after a single intravenous dose (28 micrograms/kg) of oxybutynin hydrochloride. The results were compared to the concentrations of the drug measured(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of the bisphosphonate compounds clodronate and etidronate to prevent ovariectomy-induced bone changes. Three-month-old Sprague-Dawley rats were either ovariectomized (OVX) or sham-operated (SHAM) and further divided into groups receiving either vehicle (n = 30), 25 mg/kg/week of clodronate (n = 25) or 25(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of clodronate to prevent ovariectomy (OVX)-induced osteopenia in aged rats. Fourteen-month-old female Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 166) were randomized into six groups. One group was sacrificed at the start of the study, four groups were ovariectomized, and one group was sham-operated (Sham). The OVX rats(More)
The collagen-induced arthritis model in rats was used to study the effect of disodium clodronate on inflammation and destruction of tarsal, metatarsal, and interphalangeal bones and joints. Female DA rats were immunized with heterologous type II collagen. Fourteen days after immunization, rats with similar scores were assigned to the different experimental(More)
The ability of clodronate to prevent bone loss and weakening of bone strength was studied in adult rats with established osteopenia. Six-month-old female Sprague Dawley rats were randomized into 13 groups. One group was killed at the start of the study, nine groups were ovariectomized (ovx), and three groups sham-operated (sham). After 4 months, the ovx(More)