Richard Schulz

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Matrix metalloproteinase (MMPs) are long understood to be involved in remodeling of the extracellular matrix. However, over the past decade, it has become clear that one of the most ubiquitous MMPs, MMP-2, has numerous intracellular targets in cardiac myocytes. Notably, MMP-2 proteolyzes components of the sarcomere, and its intracellular activity(More)
A close relationship exists between regional myocardial blood flow (RMBF) and function during acute coronary inflow restriction (perfusion-contraction matching). However, the relationship of flow and function during coronary microvascular obstruction is unknown. In 12 anesthetized dogs, the left circumflex coronary artery was perfused from an extracorporeal(More)
Ischemic myocardium does not inevitably undergo necrosis but rather can survive through downregulation of contractile function, ie, "hibernate." To study the role of endogenous NO in this adaptation, 41 enflurane-anesthetized swine were subjected to 90 minutes of moderate left anterior descending coronary artery hypoperfusion and assigned to placebo (P), to(More)
We tested whether or not endogenous nitric oxide (NO) attenuates beta-adrenergic inotropic responsiveness during normoperfusion or moderate myocardial ischemia. In 13 anesthetized pigs with a cannulated left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery, the maximal contractile responses to intracoronary dobutamine and calcium were assessed during(More)
RATIONALE Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with oxidative stress, endothelial dysfunction, and increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE We tested the hypothesis that endothelial dysfunction in patients with OSA is linked to oxidative stress. METHODS In the present study, we measured flow-mediated dilation (FMD) of the(More)
Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) accompanied by hippocampal sclerosis (HS) is the type of epilepsy most frequently operated on. The predictors for long-term seizure freedom after surgery of TLE-HS are unknown. In this study, we aimed to identify prognostic factors which predict the outcome 6 months and 2, 3 and 5 years after epilepsy surgery of TLE-HS. Our(More)
Connexin 43 (Cx 43) has recently been implicated in protection of ischemic preconditioning. Cx 43 colocalization with protein kinase C and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase is increased in preconditioned myocardium, Cx 43 phosphorylation is preserved in preconditioned myocardium, and hearts from Cx 43-deficient mice cannot be preconditioned. It is,(More)
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is linked with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, possibly through an enhancement of atherosclerotic vascular changes. Up to now, however, only a few studies have tried to evaluate the occurrence of atherosclerosis in patients with OSA. In the present study, ultrasonography of the large extracranial vessels was(More)
BACKGROUND Reduced endothelium dependent vasodilation has been reported in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) but direct measurements of the most potent naturally occurring vasodilator, nitric oxide (NO) or its derivatives (nitrate and nitrite, NO(x)), have not yet been performed in these patients. METHODS In 21 patients with OSA of mean (SE)(More)