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Primary human keratinocytes are useful for studying the pathogenesis of many different diseases of the cutaneous and mucosal epithelia. In addition, they can form organotypic tissue equivalents in culture that can be used as epidermal autografts for wound repair as well as for the delivery of gene therapy. However, primary keratinocytes have a finite(More)
Previously, we reported that BRCA1 strongly represses the transcriptional activity of estrogen receptor-alpha (ER-alpha) in human breast and prostate cancer cells but only weakly inhibits ER-alpha in cervical cancer cells. We now report that introduction of the human papillomavirus E7 or E6 oncogenes into human papillomavirus-negative cells rescues the(More)
Nearly all cervical cancers are etiologically attributable to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and pharmaceutical treatments targeting HPV-infected cells would be of great medical benefit. Because many neoplastic cells (including cervical cancer cells) overexpress the transferrin receptor to increase their iron uptake, we hypothesized that(More)
We demonstrate that a Rho kinase inhibitor (Y-27632), in combination with fibroblast feeder cells, induces normal and tumor epithelial cells from many tissues to proliferate indefinitely in vitro, without transduction of exogenous viral or cellular genes. Primary prostate and mammary cells, for example, are reprogrammed toward a basaloid, stem-like(More)
The papillomavirus E6 protein binds and directs the ubiquitin-dependent degradation of the p53 tumor suppressor protein. Independent of this p53-degradative function, however, E6 induces cellular telomerase activity. This increase in enzyme activity reflects E6-enhanced transcription of the human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) catalytic subunit,(More)
The E6 and E7 oncogenes of human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16) are sufficient for the immortalization of human genital keratinocytes in vitro. The products of these viral genes associate with p53 and pRb tumor suppressor proteins, respectively, and interfere with their normal growth-regulatory functions. The HPV-16 E6 protein has also been shown to(More)
DNA damaging agents up-regulate levels of the Fas receptor or its ligand, resulting in recruitment of Fas-associated death domain (FADD) and autocatalytic activation of caspase-8, consequently activating the executioner caspases-3, -6, and -7. We found that human epidermal keratinocytes exposed to a vesicating dose (300 microm) of sulfur mustard (SM)(More)
The human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16) E5 protein is an 83-amino-acid, hydrophobic polypeptide that has been localized to intracellular membranes when overexpressed in COS-1 cells. While the HPV-16 E5 protein appears to modulate endosomal pH and signal transduction pathways, genetic analysis of its biological activities has been hampered by low (usually(More)
UVB from solar radiation is both an initiating and promoting agent for skin cancer. We have found that primary human keratinocytes undergo an apoptotic response to UVB. To determine whether these responses are altered during the course of immortalization, we examined markers of apoptosis in primary human foreskin keratinocytes (HFK) transduced with either a(More)
The E5 oncoprotein of bovine papillomavirus type I is a small, hydrophobic polypeptide localized predominantly in the Golgi complex. E5-mediated transformation is often associated with activation of the PDGF receptor (PDGF-R). However, some E5 mutants fail to induce PDGF-R phosphorylation yet retain transforming activity, suggesting an additional mechanism(More)