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BACKGROUND Early clinical contact for medical students is an important curricular innovation. We wished to determine if early contact with older people in the second year of a more vertically integrated medical undergraduate programme influenced attitudes to older people and if any effect was synergistic with the effect of an existing fourth year course. (More)
This study investigates clinical outcomes and the degree of compliance in patients who received advice on dysphagia management and the effect of the level of compliance on the incidence of chest infections and aspiration pneumonia, cause of death, and hospital readmission. We performed a retrospective cohort study of 140 patients who had videofluoroscopic(More)
Eighteen healthy people over 65 years of age were studied to compare the 99mTC-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA) clearance, the measured 24-hour creatinine clearance and the assessed creatinine clearance using the Cockcroft and Gault (C-G) formula to measure their glomerular filtration rate. Significant correlations were found between the isotopic(More)
The significance of subclinical thiamine deficiency in the elderly was determined by assessing response to thiamine supplementation in a randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Thirty-five of 222 people aged > or = 65 y had two concentrations of erythrocyte thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP) < 140 nmol/L 3 mo apart and 41 other people had the first,(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM The risks of recurrent intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) vary widely (0-24%). Patients with ICH also have risk factors for ischaemic stroke (IS) and a proportion of ICH survivors re-present with an IS. This dilemma has implications for prophylactic treatment. This study aims to determine the risk of recurrent stroke events (both ICH and IS)(More)
AIMS To determine how elderly stroke patients perceive different stroke outcomes, including death, relative to each other and how these views compare with those of age/sex-matched controls. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING Twenty-eight elderly patients discharged from hospital with an acute stroke causing hemiplegia. Twenty-eight age/sex-matched control patients(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether strapping the shoulder in hemiplegic stroke patients: (1) prevents the development, or reduces the severity, of shoulder pain, (2) preserves range of movement in the shoulder, and (3) improves the functional outcomes for the arm and patient overall. DESIGN A prospective, randomized, single-blind controlled trial of shoulder(More)
BACKGROUND Epinephrine for first aid use by parents and other caregivers and in the form of an autoinjector device (EpiPen, Center Laboratories) is often prescribed for children who have had previous anaphylactic reactions. It is not known whether the EpiPen device is used appropriately during subsequent reactions and whether its use is able to prevent the(More)
Medical students' attitudes to the elderly were compared at the start and finish of a 5-week clinical attachment in health care of the elderly at the Christchurch School of Medicine. The study investigated students in their first clinical year (fourth year of their medical course) over five terms using a questionnaire employing a Rosencranz-McNevin semantic(More)