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Several experiments were performed to investigate the physiology of seawater acclimation in the striped bass, Morone saxatilis. Transfer of fish from fresh water (FW) to seawater (SW; 31-32 ppt) induced only a minimal disturbance of osmotic homeostasis. Ambient salinity did not affect plasma thyroxine, but plasma cortisol remained elevated for 24h after SW(More)
To date, growth hormone (GH) is known to contribute to seawater adaptation only in salmonid fishes (primitive Euteleostei). Accordingly, the effects of homologous GH and two forms of homologous prolactin (PRL177 and PRL188) on hypoosmoregulatory ability and gill Na+,K(+)-ATPase activity in a more advanced euryhaline cichlid fish, the tilapia (Oreochromis(More)
A bioassay for salmon prolactin (PRL) is described. This assay which is based on the sodium-retaining action of PRL in the hypophysectomized killifish, Fundulus heteroclitus, has proved to be rapid, sensitive (250 pg PRL per gram of fish), and specific. The procedure has been used to characterize the biological activity of a highly purified PRL from the(More)
Urotensin II, a peptide hormone from the caudal neurosecretory system of the teleost, Gillichthys mirabilis, was isolated by using classical chromatographic techniques and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Direct microtechniques for sequence determination were used to establish its structure. Urotensin II from Gillichthys is a 1363-dalton(More)
Studies were undertaken to determine whether several indicators of growth hormone (GH) cell activity, namely GH content, fine structure, and volume of the GH region, differ in the pituitaries of freshwater (FW) and seawater (SW) tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus. Tilapia raised from the stage of yolk-sac absorption for 7 months in SW contain significantly(More)
In the circulation, insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) bind to high-affinity-binding proteins. Insulin-like growth-factor-binding proteins (IGFBPs) appear to be present in all vertebrates. To examine the hormonal regulation of serum IGFBPs in a fish, tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) were hypophysectomized (Hx) and then treated with homologous tilapia(More)
The effect of insulin-like growth factor I on growth rate of coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) was examined. Juvenile coho salmon received implants of osmotic minipumps containing recombinant bovine insulin-like growth factor I (rbIGF-I) or saline for a period of 3 to 4 weeks. High doses of rbIGF-I (greater than 0.13 microgram.g-1.d-1) resulted in(More)
It is increasingly clear that growth hormone (GH) has growth-promoting effects in fishes, which are mediated in part by the insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I. Growth-promoting actions of prolactin (PRL) have been reported in higher vertebrates, but are less well established in teleosts. We examined the effects of injecting homologous GH or the two(More)
The ability of cortisol to increase gill Na+,K(+)-ATPase activity was examined in several salmonid species during development. Coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) parr were unresponsive to cortisol in vitro (10 micrograms/ml for 2 days) in November. Responsiveness was significant from January to March, peaking in January just prior to seasonal increases in(More)