Richard S. Neuman

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1. Facilitation of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-mediated depolarization of cortical neurones induced by metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) agonists in the presence of tetrodotoxin has been examined by use of grease-gap recording. 2. Quisqualate (1-2 microM) and 10 to 100 microM 1S,3R-I-aminocyclopentane-1,3-dicarboxylic acid (1S,3R-ACPD)(More)
The effects of iontophoretically applied norepinephrine (NE) on the dentate gyrus field potential evoked by perforant path stimulation were examined. NE potentiated the population spike by 20-400%, whereas the population EPSP was rarely increased. At 39% of the potentiated sites NE application resulted in long-lasting potentiation (LLP) suggesting a role(More)
Simultaneous single-unit and intracortical activity were recorded from neocortical neurons in urethane-anaesthetized rats to investigate the role of serotonin (5-HT) in modifying cortical excitability. Units, at a depth of 775-1100 microns from the pial surface, discharged in a burst-pause pattern that was correlated with slow wave activity. Application of(More)
The effects of iontophoretic application of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and noradrenaline (NA) on lumbar motoneurone excitability were examined. 5-HT and NA produced long-lasting changes in motoneurone excitability as revealed by decreased threshold for glutamate-evoked motoneurone action potentials, increased rate of motoneurone firing evoked by(More)
Noxious stimulation can suppress epileptic seizures in humans and epileptiform activity in laboratory animals. Using as a model system the focal epileptiform activity (FEA) induced by the pneumophoresis of penicillin, the role of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5HT) in suppression of this activity by noxious stimulation was investigated. Drugs known to depress dorsal(More)
Application of penicillin to the cerebral cortex of anesthetized rats by pressure ejection from a micropipette resulted in the appearance of focal epileptiform activity with low rates of penicillin release and focal penicillin spikes with higher rates. Electrical stimulation of the locus ceruleus (LC), a major norepinephrine-containing nucleus in the(More)
The involvement of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) excitatory amino acid subtype receptors in synaptically driven excitatory responses of ambigual motoneurons was investigated in vivo and in vitro. In urethane-anaesthetized rats, fictive oesophageal peristalsis evoked by topical application of muscarine (0.05-0.5 nmol) to the dorsal surface of the solitarial(More)
The epileptogenic properties of N-methyl-D-aspartate and magnesium-free medium were investigated in the CA3 region of the hippocampal slice preparation in the rat. Bath application of N-methyl-D-aspartate (5-10 microM) or magnesium-free medium induced both spontaneous and stimulus-evoked bursts. Both endogenous and network bursts were generated, the former(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine if muscarinic acetylcholine receptor-mediated peristaltic rhythmogenesis in the rat oesophagus is a central motor program that can be generated without peripheral sensory support. In anaesthetized male Sprague-Dawley rats, pressure-ejection of glutamate (10-20 pmol) and muscarine (5-10 pmol) in the sub-nucleus(More)
Recent experimental and theoretical studies have found that active dendritic ionic currents can compensate for the effects of electrotonic attenuation. In particular, temporal summation, the percentage increase in peak somatic voltage responses invoked by a synaptic input train, is independent of location of the synaptic input in hippocampal CA1 pyramidal(More)