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Anemia is prevalent in 30% to 90% of patients with cancer. Anemia can be corrected through either treating the underlying cause or providing supportive care through transfusion with packed red blood cells or administration of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs), with or without iron supplementation. Recent studies showing detrimental health effects of(More)
Patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) have refractory cytopenias leading to transfusion requirements and infectious complications. In vitro marrow culture data have indicated that granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) synergizes with erythropoietin (EPO) for the production of erythroid precursors. In an effort to treat the anemia and(More)
Previous studies have shown that approximately 40% of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and anaemia respond to treatment with human recombinant granulocyte-CSF (G-CSF) plus erythropoietin (epo). The present study was designed to investigate pre-treatment variables for their ability to predict erythroid responses to this treatment. 98 patients(More)
Six men undergoing potentially curative chemotherapy for advanced lymphomas received daily injections (50 micrograms) of an analogue of luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LH-RHa) in an attempt to protect posttreatment gonadal function. The median duration of combined LH-RHa-chemotherapy administration was 25 weeks (range, 14 to 31 weeks). During the(More)
This Phase II study evaluated darbepoetin alfa (DA) in 24 patients with predominantly low or intermediate-1 risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Intra-patient dose escalation of DA was undertaken in three 6-week dose cohorts until a major erythroid response was achieved: 4.5 mcg/kg/week, 9 mcg/kg/week, and 9 mcg/kg/week plus granulocyte-colony stimulating(More)
From August 1977 to October 1978, 23 patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) received induction therapy at Vanderbilt University Hospital. Six patients died of documented fungal infection, predominantly aspergillus pneumonia; the complete remission rate was only 40%. Based on this experience we began using amphotericin B empirically in any AML(More)
A patient with retroperitoneal and axillary lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly was demonstrated histologically to have the hyaline vascular type of giant lymph node hyperplasia, with plasma cell infiltrates in each region. The abdominal lesions were not surgically resectable and did not respond to radiotherapy. The clinical findings included polyclonal(More)
Local skin necrosis at the site of intravenous or intra-arterial adriamycin infusion is an infrequent, but serious complication. Ulcers secondary to adriamycin have insidious beginnings, but progress to a much deeper extent than would be expected from their initial appearance. Deep structures, such as tendon or bone, may become exposed. The ulcers are(More)
Thirty-one patients were diagnosed by morphologic and immunophenotypic features as having primary Ki-1 anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (Ki-1 ALCL). the median age was 35 years (range, 4 months to 78 years); the male:female ratio was 18:13. B symptoms were observed in 13 patients. Peripheral adenopathy was present in 26 patients, while mediastinal adenopathy(More)