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Lapatinib (GW572016) is a selective inhibitor of both epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and HER-2 tyrosine kinases. Here, we explore the therapeutic potential of lapatinib by testing its effect on tumor cell growth in a panel of 31 characterized human breast cancer cell lines, including trastuzumab-conditioned HER-2-positive cell lines. We further(More)
Background: PD 0332991, a selective inhibitor of CDK 4/6, prevents cellular DNA synthesis by blocking cell cycle progression. Preclinical studies in a BC cell line panel identified the luminal ER subtype, elevated expression of cyclin D1 and Rb protein, and reduced p16 expression as being associated with sensitivity to PD 0332991 (Finn et al. 2009).(More)
INTRODUCTION Alterations in cell cycle regulators have been implicated in human malignancies including breast cancer. PD 0332991 is an orally active, highly selective inhibitor of the cyclin D kinases (CDK)4 and CDK6 with ability to block retinoblastoma (Rb) phosphorylation in the low nanomolar range. To identify predictors of response, we determined the in(More)
Selumetinib (AZD6244, ARRY-142886) is a selective, non-ATP-competitive inhibitor of mitogen-activated protein/extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase (MEK)-1/2. The range of antitumor activity seen preclinically and in patients highlights the importance of identifying determinants of response to this drug. In large tumor cell panels of diverse lineage,(More)
PURPOSE PD-0332991 is a selective inhibitor of the CDK4/6 kinases with the ability to block retinoblastoma (Rb) phosphorylation in the low nanomolar range. Here we investigate the role of CDK4/6 inhibition in human ovarian cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We examined the effects of PD-0332991 on proliferation, cell-cycle, apoptosis, and Rb phosphorylation(More)
PURPOSE Biomarkers from two randomized phase III trials were analyzed to optimize selection of patients for lapatinib therapy. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN In available breast cancer tissue from EGF30001 (paclitaxel +/- lapatinib in HER-2-negative/unknown metastatic breast cancer, n = 579) and EGF100151 (capecitabine +/- lapatinib in HER-2-positive metastatic(More)
The use of trastuzumab, a monoclonal antibody that targets the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) alteration present in 25 to 30% of breast cancers, has been associated with improved survival outcomes in both the adjuvant and metastatic settings. However, despite the robust clinical efficacy of trastuzumab in HER2-positive metastatic breast(More)
PURPOSE HER2 amplification occurs in 18% to 27% of gastric and gastroesophageal junction cancers. Lapatinib, a potent ATP-competitive inhibitor simultaneously inhibits both EGFR and HER2. To explore the role of HER family biology in upper gastrointestinal cancers, we evaluated the effect of lapatinib, erlotinib, and trastuzumab in a panel of molecularly(More)
  • Richard S Finn
  • 2010
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), once considered an orphan disease in the West, has become a global health concern. It is the third leading cause of cancer death worldwide, and its incidence continues to increase. Historically, the development of new systemic agents for advanced HCC has been lacking despite no clear benefit with traditional cytotoxic(More)
In this study, we explore the therapeutic potential of lapatinib a selective inhibitor of both the EGFR and HER2 tyrosine kinases for the treatment of endometrial cancer. The effect of lapatinib on tumour cell growth and receptor activation was studied in a panel of human endometrial cancer cell lines. Candidate molecular markers predicting sensitivity were(More)