Richard S. Donham

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We tested whether juvenile males of Microtus pennsylvanicus were more sensitive than adults to the suppressive effects of short photoperiods. Voles were transferred to short photoperiods (10L:14D) at 20 or 80 d of age, and 60 d later (i.e. at 80 or 140 d) the animals were killed at intervals throughout the day and night. Pineal glands were collected for(More)
In female hamsters, the daily rhythm of LH appeared on the 15th or 16th day after birth with a peak occurring at about 16:00 h (14L:10D, lights on 06:00 h). Progesterone concentrations increased and became rhythmic a few days later. In serum samples collected at 14, 16, 18, 20, 25, 30, 40 and 60-62 days of age between 13:00 and 23:00 h, significant rhythms(More)
Transitional patterns of LH, FSH, and progesterone (P4) in the circulation were studied in peripubertal female golden hamsters. A daily rhythm, with afternoon surges of these hormones, is typical of the immature female, whereas 4-day rhythms characterize the estrous cycle of the adult. Blood samples were collected repeatedly from maturing individuals at(More)
The response of prolactin (PRL) and that of the pituitary-testicular axis to inhibitory photoperiods were compared in immature and young adult hamsters. In the first experiment, 14-day-old hamsters were transferred from 14L:10D to 12L:12D or 8L:16D. At 21, 28, 35, and 49 days of age, body weights, testes weights, and plasma LH were similar in all groups. In(More)
Approach Increase Student Achievement? teaching styles (teacher-centered instruction versus student-centered instruction) and examined whether teaching. I believe that student-centered learning arose in reaction to this scenario. Students who went It's a blend of both Teacher-and Student-centered approaches. Others argue that learner-centered is idealistic,(More)
Cyclic release of gonadotropin (GTH) begins on day 16 or 17 of age, about 2 weeks before ovulatory estrous cycles are initiated in female golden hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus). The daily cycles of LH and FSH are characterized by surges that peak at about 1700 h. The timing of this daily surge is similar to that observed in adult photoperiod-induced(More)
In the female hamster, a daily rhythm of gonadotropin release begins almost 3 weeks prior to the initiation of 4-day estrous cycles. A temporal relationship exists between the onset of this cyclic release of gonadotropin and age at puberty. We hypothesized that since opiate agonists depress circulating gonadotropins and antagonists increase them in both(More)