Richard S. Blackburn

Learn More
BACKGROUND Most cases of human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) start with a bite from one of the subspecies of Glossina fuscipes. Tsetse use a range of olfactory and visual stimuli to locate their hosts and this response can be exploited to lure tsetse to insecticide-treated targets thereby reducing transmission. To provide a rational basis for cost-effective(More)
Dyeing effluent is one of the largest contributors to textile effluent and such colored wastewater has a seriously destructive impact on the environment. Adsorption can be a very effective treatment for decolorization of textile dyeing effluent, but current techniques employ adsorption chemistry that is not particularly environmentally friendly, such as the(More)
Chlorhexidine (CH) is an effective antimicrobial agent. There has been very little work published concerning the interactions of CH with, and its adsorption mechanism on, cellulose. In this paper, such physical chemistry parameters are examined and related to computational chemistry studies. Adsorption isotherms were constructed following application of CH(More)
Antimicrobial agents such as poly(hexamethylene biguanide) (PHMB) find application in medical, apparel, and household textile sectors; although it is understood that certain concentrations need to be applied to achieve suitable performance, there has been very little work published concerning the interactions of the polymer and its adsorption mechanism on(More)
Carbohydrate-binding modules (CBMs) are a set of tools that can be used as molecular probes for studying plant cell walls and cellulose-based substrates. CBMs from enzymes of bacterial and fungal origin present a range of recognition capabilities for crystalline and amorphous cellulose. Here cellulose-directed CBMs have been used to visualize and quantify(More)
Cell walls of the brown algae contain a diverse range of polysaccharides with useful bioactivities. The precise structures of the sulfated fucan/fucoidan group of polysaccharides and their roles in generating cell wall architectures and cell properties are not known in detail. Four rat monoclonal antibodies, BAM1 to BAM4, directed to sulfated fucan(More)
A study of stem anatomy and the sclerenchyma fibre cells associated with the phloem tissues of hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) plants is of interest for both understanding the formation of secondary cell walls and for the enhancement of fibre utility as industrial fibres and textiles. Using a range of molecular probes for cell wall polysaccharides we have(More)
Cotton fiber cellulose is highly crystalline and oriented; when native cellulose (cellulose I) is treated with certain alkali concentrations, intermolecular hydrogen bonds are broken and Na-cellulose I is formed. At higher alkali concentrations Na-cellulose II forms, wherein intermolecular and intramolecular hydrogen bonds are broken, ultimately resulting(More)
The importance of sulfur dyeing of cellulosic fibers, particularly cotton, is realized economically throughout the dyeing industry. At the present time, dyeing with sulfur dyes requires the use of various auxiliaries, many of which have adverse effects on the environment. The most damaging of these is the reducing agent sodium sulfide, required to reduce(More)
With the depletion of petrochemical feedstocks, it is necessary to produce new, useful and environmentally friendly polymers for a sustainable future. Poly(lactic acid) (PLA) is a linear aliphatic thermoplastic polyester derived from 100% renewable sources such as corn and sugar beet, and the polymer is biodegradable. NatureWorks LLC (USA) has developed(More)