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Autoreactive CD4(+) T cells are involved in the pathogenesis of many autoimmune diseases, but the antigens that stimulate their responses have been difficult to identify and in most cases are not well defined. In the nonobese diabetic (NOD) mouse model of type 1 diabetes, we have identified the peptide WE14 from chromogranin A (ChgA) as the antigen for(More)
Large-scale functional genomics approaches are fundamental to the characterization of mammalian transcriptomes annotated by genome sequencing projects. Although current high-throughput strategies systematically survey either transcriptional or biochemical networks, analogous genome-scale investigations that analyze gene function in mammalian cells have yet(More)
T cell-mediated destruction of insulin-producing β cells in the pancreas causes type 1 diabetes (T1D). CD4 T cell responses play a central role in β cell destruction, but the identity of the epitopes recognized by pathogenic CD4 T cells remains unknown. We found that diabetes-inducing CD4 T cell clones isolated from nonobese diabetic mice recognize epitopes(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe clinical proteomics from discovery techniques and their limitations, to applications in allergy, asthma, and immunology, and finally to how proteomics can be integrated into clinical practice. DATA SOURCES Despite many inherent challenges, proteomics-based methods have become a powerful and popular means of profiling clinical samples(More)
The Class 3 aldehyde dehydrogenase gene (ALDH3) is expressed differentially in a tissue-specific manner, occurring constitutively in some tissues and in others as a result of xenobiotic induction via the Ah receptor/ARNT pathway. ARNT is also involved in regulating gene expression in response to hypoxia. It dimerizes with hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate autoantigens in β-cells, we have used a panel of pathogenic T-cell clones that were derived from the NOD mouse. Our particular focus in this study was on the identification of the target antigen for the highly diabetogenic T-cell clone BDC-5.2.9. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS To purify β-cell antigens, we applied sequential size(More)
Galectin-9 is a pleiotropic immune modulator affecting numerous cell types of innate and adaptive immunity. Patients with chronic infection with either hepatitis C virus (HCV) or HIV have elevated circulating levels. Limited data exist on the regulation of natural killer (NK) cell function through interaction with galectin-9. We found that galectin-9(More)
We have previously shown that expression of the Class 3 aldehyde dehydrogenase gene (ALDH3) is abrogated by hypoxia. This phenomenon occurs in rat hepatoma systems in which ALDH3 expression is xenobiotic-inducible as well as in rat primary corneal epithelial cells that exhibit high constitutive ALDH3 expression. We have begun to test various segments of the(More)
MOTIVATION Although R packages exist for the pre-processing of metabolomic data, they currently do not incorporate additional analysis steps of summarization, filtering and normalization of aligned data. We developed the MSPrep R package to complement other packages by providing these additional steps, implementing a selection of popular normalization(More)