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Structurally, methcathinone is to cathinone what methamphetamine is to amphetamine. Due to increased interest in the abuse of such agents we wished to determine if certain derivatives of cathinone would behave in a manner consistent with what is known about their amphetamine counterparts; that is, can amphetamine structure-activity relationships be(More)
The effects of known anxiolytic agents and putative anxiolytic agents were assessed in mice in a fully automated 2-compartment light/dark test. Significant increases in lit area activities (e.g., time spent in the lit area, locomotor activity, rearing behavior) were used as possible indicators of anxiolytic-like action. The measurement found most consistent(More)
Ephedrine, a structural analog of methamphetamine, is one of the major constituents of legally available herbal dietary supplements. Although racemic ephedrine and ephedra extract have been previously used as training drugs in drug discrimination studies, there is evidence that the two optical isomers of ephedrine do not produce identical amphetamine-like(More)
The behavioral effects of zacopride and buspirone were assessed in mice in a fully automated 2-compartment light/dark test. A significant increase in time mice spent in the lit area was used as an indication of anxiolytic-like action. Doses of zacopride from 0.0001 to 17.8 mg/kg, IP, and buspirone from 3.16 to 17.8 mg/kg, IP, produced significant increases(More)
Central stimulants readily serve as training stimuli in drug discrimination studies and typically substitute for one another in tests of stimulus generalization regardless of which is used as training drug. We have previously found that, although substitution occurs between (+)amphetamine and (-)ephedrine, substitution did not occur upon administration of(More)
Rats trained to discriminate either (+)-amphetamine or (+/-)-MDA from saline in a two-lever drug discrimination task, were used to study the stimulus effects of MDA and its two optical isomers. Amphetamine-stimulus generalization occurred to S(+)-MDA, but not to its enantiomer R(-)-MDA. This, coupled with our earlier finding of DOM-stimulus generalization(More)
Methcathinone ("CAT") is a CNS stimulant that is a very significant drug of abuse in the former Soviet Union. It has also appeared on the clandestine market in the United States and has been recently classified as a Schedule I substance. In the present study, S(-)-methcathinone [S(-)-CAT, 0.50 mg/kg, IP] was employed as the training drug in a two-lever drug(More)
Ephedrine is a long-studied stimulant available both as a prescription and over-the-counter medication, as well as an ingredient in widely marketed herbal preparations, and is also used as a precursor for the illicit synthesis of methamphetamine. Ephedrine is related to phenylpropanolamine, a decongestant removed from the market place due to concerns that(More)