Richard R Koepsel

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BACKGROUND We have previously shown that suspension culture prevents follicle flattening and maintains three-dimensional follicle architecture better than culture on flat plates. However, many of the follicles cultured in suspension do eventually rupture, as basement membrane integrity is lost and the three-dimensional structure of the follicle is altered.(More)
OBJECTIVE An understanding of bone cellular biology is a basic necessity to understanding events such as distraction osteogenesis. The goal of this study was to determine the effect of continuous cyclic mechanical stretch as a fundamental event in distraction osteogenesis on the expression of 3 bone growth factors, transforming growth factor-beta 1(More)
We have grown an antimicrobial polymer directly on the surfaces of glass and paper using atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP). The method described here results in potentially permanent nonleaching antibacterial surfaces without the need to chemically graft the antimicrobial material to the substratum. The tertiary amine 2-(dimethylamino)ethyl(More)
Based on measurements and theoretical analyses, we identified deletion of pyruvate kinase (PYK) activity as a possible route for elimination of acid formation in Bacillus subtilis cultures grown on glucose minimal media. Evidence consistent with the attenuation of PYK flux has come from metabolic flux calculations, metabolic pool and enzymatic activity(More)
Previously established consequences of abolishing pyruvate kinase (Pyk) activity in Escherichia coli during aerobic growth on glucose include reduced acetate production, elevated hexose monophosphate (HMP) pathway flux, elevated phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (Ppc) flux, and an increased ratio of phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) to pyruvate. These traits inspired(More)
Rational controlled synthesis of poly(quaternary ammonium) compounds has been used to prepare antimicrobial polymer brushes on inorganic surfaces. The systematic variation of several structural parameters of the polymeric brushes allowed us to elicit the minimum surface requirements and a probable mechanism of action for Escherichia coli cell kill.(More)
BACKGROUND Plasmids are being reconsidered as viable vector alternatives to viruses for gene therapies and vaccines because they are safer, non-toxic, and simpler to produce. Accordingly, there has been renewed interest in the production of plasmid DNA itself as the therapeutic end-product of a bioprocess. Improvement to the best current yields and(More)
In this study, we report on multimodal temperature-responsive chymotrypsin-poly(sulfobetaine methacrylamide)-block-poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (CT-pSBAm-block-pNIPAm) protein-polymer conjugates. Using polymer-based protein engineering (PBPE) with aqueous atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP), we synthesized three different molecular weight(More)
In this paper, we report on the analysis of acid formation in an E. coli pyk mutant. The results demonstrate that acid formation is insignificant for both the wild-type and the mutant at low glucose concentrations. However, at relatively high glucose concentrations, acid formation remains very low for the mutant but is significant for the wild-type. This(More)