Richard R. Gala

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It is well known that stress in a number of forms induces the secretion of prolactin (PRL) in a number of species. What is not well known is that under certain conditions stress will also induce a decrease in PRL secretion. The conditions whereby stress decreases PRL are those where PRL secretion is elevated such as during the proestrous afternoon surge and(More)
  • R R Gala
  • Proceedings of the Society for Experimental…
  • 1991
Evidence implicating prolactin (PRL) and growth hormone (GH) in the regulation of the immune system has been reviewed. Hypophysectomized animals have deficiencies in both cell-mediated and humoral immunological functions and either PRL or GH corrects these deficiencies. Animals administered bromocryptine, a drug that specifically blocks PRL release, have(More)
The present study was performed to determine if any hormone measured in cord blood correlates with the size of the neonatal breast or the presence of galactorrhea. A total of 144 term newborn infants were examined. Estradiol (E2), progesterone (P), testosterone (T), and thyrotropin (TSH) were determined by radioimmunoassay (RIA), and prolactin (PRL) was(More)
The influence of recombinant bovine prolactin (PRL) and recombinant bovine growth hormone (GH) was examined on the popliteal lymph node (PLN) expression of interleukin-2 receptors (IL-2R) in female Snell dwarf mice and normal litter mates after concanavalin A footpad injection. The absolute number of PLN CD4+, CD8+, or B+ cells of dwarf mice was less than(More)
Central nervous system regions were examined in long term ovariectomized rats to determine if they are involved in the estrogen-induced afternoon surge in plasma PRL. Adult female rats were ovariectomized 2-3 weeks before bilateral radiofrequency or electrolytic lesions of the brain were placed on day 0. In short term lesion studies, catheterizations and sc(More)
Mature female Sprague-Dawley (SD) and Long-Evans (LE) rats were ovariectomized (OVX), fitted with indwelling atrial catheters and given a single sc injection of either 25 or 100 micrograms polyestradiol phosphate (PEP); seven days later blood samples were withdrawn at two hour intervals from 1100 to 2100 hours to detect the presence of an afternoon surge of(More)
Levels of plasma prolactin were estimated in ovariectomized, estrogen-treated rats following the systemic administration of several neural blocking and stimulating drugs. Phenoxybenzamine, an alpha-adrenergic blocker, at high doses, increased plasma prolactin. Phenotlamine, another alpha-adrenergic blocker, and propranolol, a beta-adrenergic blocker, also(More)
Pharmacologic agents that either block or stimulate dopaminergic or block serotonergic receptors were administered intraarterially alone or in combination to ovariectomized, estrogen-treated rats. Prolactin was estimated by radioimmunoassay of plasma collected by serial blood sampling from chronic aortic catheters. Apomorphine (10 mg/kg) depressed, whereas(More)