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OBJECTIVE To describe successful termination of an outbreak of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREfm) colonization within a neonatal service. SETTING Multisite neonatal intensive care unit and special care nurseries within a single health care service. PARTICIPANTS Forty-four cases of VREfm-colonized neonatal inpatients-including 2 clinical(More)
Murray Valley encephalitis virus was isolated from the brains of three patients who died from encephalitis during the 1974 epidemic. Isolation of the virus from autopsy material was successful when death occurred within two weeks of the onset of illness; however, no isolations were made from specimens collected before death or from autopsy material obtained(More)
Sequential human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) isolates were obtained over a 29-month period from a person before, during, and after AZT therapy. DNA sequence analysis of polymerase chain-amplified reverse-transcriptase gene showed a gradual accumulation of mutations to peak resistance (IC50 2.13 microM AZT) in association with mutations at codons(More)
A series of synthetic peptides corresponding to segments of HIV encoded proteins were selected using criteria described by Welling et al. [(1985) FEBS Lett. 188, 215]. Synthetic peptide analogs to gp120 (2-13), (55-65), gp41 (582-596) (659-670) and tatIII (71-83) were recognized by 41-67% of sera or plasma from individuals known to be infected with HIV on(More)
An enzyme immunoassay (EIA) utilizing a synthetic peptide analogue of HIV gp41 (amino acids 579-599, RILAVERYLKDQQLLGIWGCS) as antigen was compared with two commercial assays (Genetic Systems, Abbott ENVACORE) for the ability to detect antibodies in the early stages of infection. Two panels, consisting of 96 sera from 15 people and 140 sera from 44 people(More)
BACKGROUND Streptococcus pneumoniae (SP) is an uncommon cause of neonatal sepsis. AIMS To report on the spectrum of morbidity associated with SP infections in the neonatal period. METHODS A case series of SP infection in the neonatal period was studied. Maternal and neonatal outcomes were noted. RESULTS Four cases of neonatal SP infection are(More)
Acyclovir (ACV)-resistant herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) was isolated from a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome after long-term but intermittent ACV therapy. These thymidine kinase-defective isolates were sensitive in vitro to foscarnet. While combined therapy with ACV and interferon produced only partial clinical improvement, the in vitro(More)
The prevalence of infection with human T-cell leukaemia virus (HTLV-I) was studied in Madang Province on the north coast of Papua New Guinea. Serum specimens collected from non-pregnant women in 17 villages were tested for anti-HTLV-I by gelatin particle agglutination screening and confirmed by immunofluorescence and Western blotting. Overall, 13.9% of(More)