Richard R. Bartkowski

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Snapshot fast low angle shot (FLASH) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging techniques have been developed to enable real time imaging of MR parameters. The method is based on a 64 x 128 FLASH tomogram acquired within less than 200 ms. This work describes snapshot FLASH MR using a single 180 degrees pulse prior to the acquisition of a series of FLASH images. The(More)
The effect of fentanyl, 8 micrograms/kg, used as an adjunct to thiopental for induction of anesthesia, on the circulatory response to tracheal intubation was investigated in 36 patients undergoing major vascular surgery. Patients were randomly assigned to receive either thiopental, 6 mg/kg, alone (N = 18), or thiopental, 3 mg/kg, along with fentanyl, 8(More)
To investigate a possible connection between erythromycin administration and reduced elimination of alfentanil, a controlled crossover study of alfentanil pharmacokinetics was undertaken. Six subjects were monitored for alfentanil plasma levels for 8 hours after alfentanil was administered. These measurements were obtained after a 0-, 1-, and 7-day course(More)
The predictions of a single-path trumpet-bell numerical model of steady-state CO2 and infused He and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) washout were compared with experimental measurements on healthy human volunteers. The mathematical model used was a numerical solution of the classic airway convention-diffusion equation with the addition of a distributed source(More)
Opioid analgesics and other drugs interact through multiple mechanisms, resulting in pharmacological effects that depend upon the pharmacodynamic action studied, the interacting agents and the route of administration. Many interactions result from induction or inhibition of the hepatic cytochrome P450 mono-oxygenase system. The elimination of opioids is(More)
The neuromuscular blocking and cardiovascular effects of pipecuronium, in doses ranging 2-3 times its ED95, were evaluated in 46 patients during thiopental, fentanyl, N2O/O2 anesthesia. The neuromuscular blocking effect of pipecuronium was evaluated by recording of the mechanical twitch of the adductor pollicis muscle in response to stimulation of the ulnar(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To compare desflurane with isoflurane in several anesthetic situations. DESIGN Intubating conditions, hemodynamic response to intubation, maintenance hemodynamics, and speed of recovery from desflurane and isoflurane anesthesia were evaluated. In addition, interaction with a muscle relaxant at low and high concentrations of the anesthetics(More)
Aggregation of recombinant bovine granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rbG-CSF) was examined by the techniques of size exclusion chromatography (SEC), multiangle laser light scattering (MALS), and SDS-PAGE. Solutions of rbG-CSF in different buffers and pH were exposed to an elevated temperature of 50 degrees C to induce aggregation. The formation of(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To compare the safety and effectiveness of 0.25 mg divided doses of mivacurium chloride to succinylcholine for a 90-second tracheal intubation. DESIGN Randomized, double-blind, multicenter study in two groups. SETTING Operating rooms at four university medical centers. PATIENTS 200 healthy ASA status I and II adult patients scheduled(More)
An experimental in vivo rat model was established to simulate the embolization therapy of non-resectable liver metastases with microparticulate systems. The effects of biodegradable microspheres on a transplanted liver-tumor cell line in rat livers were investigated with respect to particle size. The distribution of fluorescence-labelled microspheres was(More)