Learn More
We demonstrate the application of terahertz pulse imaging (TPI) in reflection geometry for the study of skin tissue and related cancers both in vitro and in vivo. The sensitivity of terahertz radiation to polar molecules, such as water, makes TPI suitable for studying the hydration levels in the skin and the determination of the lateral spread of skin(More)
Terahertz pulse imaging has been used for the first time to study basal cell carcinoma ex vivo, the most common form of skin cancer. This noninvasive technique uses part of the electromagnetic spectrum in the frequency range 0.1-2.7 THz. A total of 21 samples were imaged; the study was performed blind and results were compared to histology. Each image(More)
The feasibility of using terahertz pulsed imaging to map margins of exposed breast tumors was investigated by imaging 22 excised human breast tissue specimens with carcinoma excised from 22 women (mean age, 59 years; range, 39-80 years). The study was approved by the local ethics research committee, and informed consent was obtained from all patients. The(More)
Extramammary Paget's disease (EMPD) is a rare cutaneous malignancy, which usually occurs in the elderly. Wide local excision is the recommended treatment, although this may not always be feasible. We report our experience of EMPD treated by radiotherapy in five patients. The radiotherapy was well tolerated in each case, and there were no signs of recurrence(More)
We report a case of mid-dermal elastolysis in which dermal inflammation was a mild but definite feature. The aetiology of this condition remains unknown, although inflammatory destruction of elastic fibres appears to be the final result. In this study, areas of inflammation exhibited features of a specific immune response, with induction of a number of(More)
Sera from 17 patients with bullous pemphigoid identified a range of polypeptides of relative molecular mass (Mr) 240,000, 230,000, 190,000, 180,000, 120,000 and 100,000 from extracts of SCaBER cells, cultured human keratinocytes or human epidermis, using an immunoblotting technique. The pattern of polypeptides was characteristic for the patient serum and(More)
Good contrast is seen between normal tissue and regions of tumor in terahertz pulsed imaging of basal cell carcinoma (BCC). To date, the source of contrast at terahertz frequencies is not well understood. In this paper we present results of a spectroscopy study comparing the terahertz properties (absorption coefficient and refractive index) of excised(More)
Terahertz (THz) radiation lies between the infrared and microwave regions of the electromagnetic spectrum. Advances in THz technology have opened up many opportunities in this scientifically and technologically important spectroscopic region. The THz frequency range excites large amplitude vibrational modes of molecules as well as probing the weak(More)
Studies of basal cell carcinoma using terahertz pulsed imaging have revealed a significant difference between regions of tumor and healthy tissue. These differences are manifested in the reflected pulse due to what is thought to be changes in refractive index and absorption. We present measurements of the refractive index and absorption coefficient of(More)