Richard Pittner

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BACKGROUND Peptide YY (PYY) is a 36 amino-acid peptide secreted from ileal L cells following meals. The cleaved subpeptide PYY[3-36] is biologically active and may constitute the majority of circulating PYY-like immunoreactivity. The peptide family that includes PYY, pancreatic peptide and neuropeptide Y is noted for its orexigenic effect following(More)
OBJECTIVE The current set of studies describe the in vivo metabolic actions of the novel amylin-mimetic peptide davalintide (AC2307) in rodents and compares these effects with those of the native peptide. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The anti-obesity effects of davalintide were examined after intraperitoneal injection or sustained peripheral infusion(More)
This study compares in vitro effects of exendin-4 and glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 on basal and glucose-stimulated insulin release from isolated rat islets and in vivo insulinotropic actions of exendin-4 and GLP-1 after an intravenous glucose challenge in rats. In static incubation of isolated islets, changing ambient glucose concentration from 3 mmol/L to(More)
Rats were injected daily for 8 weeks with 50 mg of thioacetamide per kg to produce liver tumours. Some of these rats were given three doses of 50 mg of an antitumoural Rh(III) complex/kg at 14, 9 and 5 days before the end of the thioacetamide treatment. Thioacetamide decreased the rate of weight gain of the rats and the Rh(III) complex partly restored it.(More)
Uncoupling protein (UCP1) is a transmembrane proton transporter present in the mitochondria of brown adipose tissue (BAT), a specialized tissue which functions in temperature homeostasis and energy balance (Nicholls, D. G., and Locke, R. M. (1984) Physiol. Rev. 64, 2-40; Lowell, D. D., and Flier, J. S. (1997) Annu. Rev. Med.). UCP1 mediates the(More)
Rat hepatocytes were incubated in monolayer culture, under serum-free conditions for 8 h. Rat growth hormone (up to 100 nM) increased the activity of phosphatidate phosphohydrolase by up to 47%. Insulin (500 pM or 35 nM), cycloheximide or actinomycin D reversed this effect. The ability of growth hormone to modify the effects of insulin is discussed in(More)
Rat hepatocytes were incubated in monolayer culture in modified Leibovitz L-15 medium containing either 10% (v/v) newborn-calf serum or 0.2% (w/v) fatty-acid-poor bovine serum albumin. The addition of 100 nM-dexamethasone increased the activities of both phosphatidate phosphohydrolase and tyrosine aminotransferase by about 3.5-fold after 8h, and these(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine whether amylin and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) act through shared or distinct receptors to inhibit insulin-stimulated incorporation of [14C]-glucose into glycogen. Rat amylin was 3 fold more potent than either rat alpha CGRP or rat beta CGRP at reducing glycogen synthesis from [14C]-glucose in(More)
We examined the effects of endotoxin on nitric oxide formation in isolated rat hepatocytes in primary culture. Endotoxin was administered either in vivo, by continuous infusion for 30 or 3 h, or in vitro, on cultured cells. The spontaneous production of nitrites in hepatocytes from in vivo ET-infused rats was lower than equivalent saline controls in the(More)
Hepatocytes were preincubated with 10mM-glucagon and 100 microM-corticosterone to increase phosphatidate phosphohydrolase activity. Addition of 10 nM-glucagon or 100 microM-8-bromo cyclic GMP to a second incubation mixture that contained cycloheximide increased the half-life of the phosphohydrolase activity. Dexamethasone (100 nM) had no significant effect,(More)