Richard P Chalwin

  • Citations Per Year
Learn More
The role of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has not been formally validated for patients with adult respiratory distress syndrome. In anticipation of publication of the conventional ventilation versus ECMO in severe adult respiratory failure (CESAR) trial, the role of ECMO in this setting was reviewed. An electronic search for studies reporting(More)
Bleeding remains a potential complication for patients requiring extracorporeal life support systems. Recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) is one of the drugs used in controlling bleeding. Its use is generally found to be safe. We report a paediatric patient who developed fatal thrombosis with the use of rFVIIa whilst on extracorporeal membrane(More)
The role of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in the treatment of the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is controversial, notwithstanding the recent publication of the results of the CESAR (Conventional Ventilation or ECMO for Severe Adult Respiratory Failure) trial. Using Bayesian meta-analytic methods from three randomised controlled(More)
Efforts are ongoing to improve outcomes from cardiac arrest and medical emergencies. A promising quality improvement modality is use of non-technical skills (NTS) that aim to address human factors through improvements in performance of leadership, communication, situational awareness and decision-making. Originating in the airline industry, NTS training has(More)
Recently there has been increased focus on improved detection and management of deteriorating patients in Australian hospitals. Since the introduction of the medical emergency team (MET) model there has been an increased role for intensive care unit staff in responding to deterioration of patients in hospital wards. Review and management of MET patients(More)
BACKGROUND Rapid response team (RRT) responders would benefit from training, to ensure competent and efficient management of the deteriorating patient. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS We obtained delegate feedback on a pilot training course for RRTs, commissioned by the Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society (ANZICS), at the second ANZICS: The(More)
Transporting acutely psychotic patients is hazardous because of the risks they present to themselves, escorting staff, and aircraft. Various strategies have been proposed, usually involving combinations of sedating drugs and physical restraint. Thus far, none guarantees safe retrieval while completely mitigating risks. This case proposes the use of propofol(More)
Hypokalaemia is a common problem in critically ill patients, which if untreated, can result in dysrhythmia or another adverse outcome. We assessed the safety and efficacy of a continuous infusion of potassium chloride versus an existing intermittent infusion regimen. In this open-label randomised parallel-arm active-controlled pilot study, critically ill(More)
  • 1