Richard Osgood

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Metal-based negative refractive-index materials have been extensively studied in the microwave region. However, negative-index metamaterials have not been realized at near-IR or visible frequencies due to difficulties of fabrication and to the generally poor optical properties of metals at these wavelengths. In this Letter, we report the first fabrication(More)
An investigation of signal integrity in silicon photonic nanowire waveguides is performed for wavelength-divisionmultiplexed optical signals. First, we demonstrate the feasibility of ultrahigh-bandwidth integrated photonic networks by transmitting a 1.28-Tb/s data stream (32 wavelengths 40-Gb/s) through a 5-cm-long silicon wire. Next, the crosstalk induced(More)
We measure stimulated Raman gain at 1550 nm in an ultrasmall SOI strip waveguide, cross-section of 0.098 microm2. We obtain signal amplification of up to 0.7 dB in the counter-propagating configuration for a sample length of 4.2 mm and using a diode pump at 1435 nm with powers of <30 mW. The Raman amplifier has a figure-of-merit (FOM) of 57.47 dB/cm/W. This(More)
By propagating femtosecond pulses inside submicron-crosssection Si photonic-wire waveguides with anomalous dispersion, we demonstrate that the pulse-propagation dynamics is strongly influenced by the combined action of optical nonlinearity and up to third-order dispersion with minimal carrier effects. Because of strong light confinement, a nonlinear phase(More)
By performing time-resolved experiments and power-dependent measurements using femtosecond pulses inside submicron cross-section Si photonic-wire waveguides, we demonstrate strong cross-phase modulation (XPM) effects. We find that XPM in Si wires can be significant even for low peak pump powers, i.e., ~15 mW for pi phase shift. Our experimental data closely(More)
Silicon waveguide asymmetric Y junction mode multiplexers and demultiplexers are demonstrated for applications in on-chip mode-division multiplexing (MDM). We measure demultiplexed crosstalk as low as -30 dB, <-9 dB over the C band, and insertion loss <1.5 dB for multimode links up to 1.2 mm in length. The frequency response of these devices is shown to(More)
We report the observation of imaging beyond the diffraction limit due to bound surface states in negative refraction photonic crystals. We achieve an effective negative index figure of merit [-Re(n)/Im(n)] of at least 380, approximately 125x improvement over recent efforts in the near-infrared range, with a 0.4 THz bandwidth. Supported by numerical and(More)
Po-Chun Yeh,1 Wencan Jin,2 Nader Zaki,2 Datong Zhang,2 Jonathan T. Liou,1 Jerzy T. Sadowski,3 Abdullah Al-Mahboob,3 Jerry I. Dadap,2 Irving P. Herman,2 Peter Sutter,3 and Richard M. Osgood, Jr.1,2,* 1Department of Electrical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA 2Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia(More)
Mode-division-multiplexing (MDM) and wavelength-division-multiplexing (WDM) are employed simultaneously in a multimode silicon waveguide to realize on-chip MDM and MDM-WDM transmission. Asymmetric Y-junction MDM multiplexers and demultiplexers are utilized for low coherently suppressed demultiplexed crosstalk at the receiver. We demonstrate aggregate(More)
By extending GaAs dielectric posts with a large second-order nonlinear susceptibility through the holes of a subwavelength metallic hole array coupled to the metal surface-plasma wave, strong second harmonic (SH) signal is observed. The SH signal is strengthened as a result of the enhanced electromagnetic fields inside the hole apertures.