Richard Ochillo

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The effects of berberine on the contractions of the longitudinal muscle of the guinea-pig isolated ileum were investigated. Lower concentrations of berberine (less than or equal to 5 x 10(-5) M) induced a parallel rightward shift of the dose-response curve of acetylcholine, suggesting that berberine is antagonizing the actions of acetylcholine at the(More)
In our search for therapeutic agents from natural sources with potential for the treatment of opportunistic infections in patients afflicted with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), we investigated antibacterial and antifungal activities of water extracts of Cassia alata (C. alata). The extracts are traditionally used in Ivory Coast, West Africa to(More)
In our attempt to isolate the pharmacologically active ingredients in the aqueous extracts of Mareya micrantha, we have selected the contractions of the longitudinal muscle of the isolated guinea-pig ileum preparation as a pharmacological marker to monitor retention of pharmacological activity during the chromatographic separation. The aqueous extracts of(More)
Aqueous extracts of Mareya micrantha are used as folk medicine in West Africa. However, no systemic investigation directed to the identification of the active ingredients in M. micrantha has been done. Therefore, this study investigated the effects of M. micrantha on the cardiac contractility of the isolated frog heart. Also, two sequential fractions from(More)
The Research Centers in Minority Institutions (RCMI) Program was initiated in the United States of America in 1985 as a congressionally mandated program. The mission of the RCMI Program is to expand the national capacity for the conduct of biomedical and behavioral research by developing the research infrastructure at institutions granting doctoral degrees(More)
Apparent activity of 5-methylfurfuryltrimethylammonium iodide (5-methylfurmethide, 5-MFT) at muscarinic receptors of the ileal longitudinal muscle of the guinea-pig was investigated. These parameters were determined by the analysis of concentration-response data before and after fractional inactivation of receptors by phenoxybenzamine, an irreversible(More)
To characterize the hypothermia-induced changes in the activity and kinetic constants for muscarinic receptors, we investigated the effects of hypothermia on the onset and offset of action of phenoxybenzamine from the muscarinic receptors of the longitudinal muscle of the guinea-pig isolated ileum. At 37 degrees C, the onset of phenoxybenzamine action was(More)
Administration of gamma-2-melanocyte stimulating hormone (gamma-2-MSH) to rats increases blood pressure, heart rate and natriuresis by acting through the nervous system and this response is more pronounced in spontaneous hypertensive rat (SHR). The molecular mechanisms underlying these effects are unknown, however, protein kinase C (PKC) activity is higher(More)
The responsiveness of the cholinergic receptor (ChR) of the longitudinal muscle of guinea-pig isolated ileum was characterized by determining the ED50 of acetylcholine (ACh) and pA2 of mepenzolate (MPZ) in tissues from animals of different ages. The ages of guinea pig were 0.75, 3, 6 and 24 months respectively. According to our data, the sensitivity of ChR(More)
This is a retrospective study, in which we investigated the impact of regular alcohol use on the clinical management of non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) patients from the outpatient clinic of the VA Medical Center in New Orleans, Louisiana. The study population included randomly selected NIDDM patients of which 40% used alcohol regularly. The(More)