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The estrogen-related receptor alpha (ERRalpha) is an orphan receptor belonging to the nuclear receptor superfamily. The physiological role of ERRalpha has yet to be established primarily because of lack of a natural ligand. Herein, we describe the discovery of the first potent and selective inverse agonist of ERRalpha. Through in vitro and in vivo studies,(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) coactivator 1alpha (PGC-1alpha) is a transcriptional coactivator that is a key component in the regulation of energy production and utilization in metabolic tissues. Recent work has identified PGC-1alpha as a strong coactivator of the orphan nuclear receptor estrogen-related receptor alpha(More)
To examine the relationship between the defibrillation threshold and the strength of shocks that induce ventricular fibrillation during the vulnerable period, we determined the defibrillation threshold in 22 open-chest dogs using epicardial defibrillation electrodes with the cathode at the ventricular apex and the anode at the right atrium. We also(More)
Liver X Receptors (LXRs) a and b are nuclear hormone receptors that regulate multiple genes involved in reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) and are potential drug targets for atherosclerosis. However, full pan agonists also activate lipogenic genes, resulting in elevated plasma and hepatic lipids. We report the pharmacology of BMS-779788(More)
We investigated the enhancement effect of chemical enhancers and iontophoresis on the in vitro transdermal and transbuccal delivery of lidocaine HCl (LHCl), nicotine hydrogen tartrate (NHT), and diltiazem HCl (DHCl) using porcine skin and buccal tissues. Dodecyl 2-(N,N-dimethylamino) propionate (DDAIP), dodecyl-2-(N,N-dimethylamino) propionate hydrochloride(More)
Azepino[4,5-b]indoles have been identified as potent agonists of the farnesoid X receptor (FXR). In vitro and in vivo optimization has led to the discovery of 6m (XL335, WAY-362450) as a potent, selective, and orally bioavailable FXR agonist (EC(50) = 4 nM, Eff = 149%). Oral administration of 6m to LDLR(-/-) mice results in lowering of cholesterol and(More)
alpha(4)beta(1) and alpha(4)beta(7) integrins are key regulators of physiologic and pathologic responses in inflammation and autoimmune disease. The effectiveness of anti-integrin antibodies to attenuate a number of inflammatory/immune conditions provides a strong rationale to target integrins for drug development. Important advances have been made in(More)