Richard N Wissler

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Dextrose-free anesthetic medications are commonly used to provide subarachnoid anesthesia and analgesia. Hypobaricity has been proposed as a mechanism to explain postural effects on the extent of sensory block produced by these drugs. Densities of dextrose-free solutions of local anesthetics and opioids, and commonly used anesthetic/opioid mixtures were(More)
We have recently demonstrated that acute and chronic treatments with estradiol and progesterone induce changes in the responsiveness of endogenous opioid systems to painful stimulation. In the present study the neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y subclone known to contain predominantly mu opioid receptors was used as a model to characterize the gonadal steroid effect on(More)
BACKGROUND Racial disparities in healthcare in the United States are widespread and have been well documented. However, it is unknown whether racial disparities exist in the use of blood transfusion for patients undergoing major surgery. METHODS We used the University HealthSystem Consortium database (2009-2011) to examine racial disparities in(More)
The cephalad extent of sensory block produced by intrathecal (IT) dextrose-free local anesthetics and opioids has been reported to be quite variable. Most reports describing the effects of IT analgesics do not control for patients posture. Because these medications are hypobaric relative to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), parturients in a sitting position may(More)
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